Arms Control and International Security: Nuclear Technical Cooperation: Benefits from the Nonproliferation Regime for the Developing World

Distinguished Co-Chairs, Excellencies, and ladies and gentlemen, the United States is pleased to attend this conference, for as we all approach the 50th anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT…

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States Parties to United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea Conclude Twenty-Seventh Meeting at Headquarters, 12-15 June

NEW YORK, 20 June (Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea) ― The twenty-seventh Meeting of States Parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was held at United Nations Headquarters from 12 to 15 June, finishing its work one day early.  The background press release can be found at www.un.org/press/en/2017/sea2055.doc.htm.

On the first day, the Meeting took note of the annual report of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea for 2016, and of the information reported by the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority and the Chairperson of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf relating to the activities of those entities since the twenty-sixth Meeting of States Parties in 2016.  States Parties made statements in respect of the work of the three bodies.

The Meeting also considered budgetary matters of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and took note, with satisfaction, of the report of the external auditor for the financial period 2015-2016, and of the report of the Registrar of the Tribunal on budgetary matters for the financial period 2015-2016.  Regarding the latter, the Meeting approved the financing of an over-expenditure in the amount of €2,617, due to the depreciation of the euro against the United States dollar, through savings from official travel.

The Meeting elected the following seven members of the Tribunal to nine-year terms, to begin on 1 October:  Boualem Bouguetaia (Algeria); José Luis Jesus (Cabo Verde); Neeru Chadha (India); Liesbeth Lijnzaad (Netherlands); Óscar Cabello Sarubbi (Paraguay); Roman A. Kolodkin (Russian Federation); and Kriangsak Kittichaisaree (Thailand).

The Meeting also elected the following 20 members of the Commission to a five-year term starting on 16 June:  Domingos de Carvalho Viana Moreira (Angola); Carlos Marcelo Paterlini (Argentina); Jair Alberto Ribas Marques (Brazil); Emmanuel Kalngui (Cameroon); David Cole Mosher (Canada); Gonzalo Alejandro Yãnez Carrizo (Chile); Wenzheng Lyu (China); Martin Vang Heinesen (Denmark); Toshitsugu Yamazaki (Japan); Simon Njuguna (Kenya); Clodette Raharimananirina (Madagascar); Mazlan bin Madon (Malaysia); Estevão Stefane Mahanjane (Mozambique); Lawrence Folajimi Awosika (Nigeria); Adnan Rashid Nasser al-Azri (Oman); Marcin Mazurowski (Poland); Aldino Campos (Portugal); Yong Ahn Park (Republic of Korea); Ivan F. Glumov (Russian Federation); and Wanda-Lee De Landro Clarke (Trinidad and Tobago).  At the request of the Group of Eastern European States, the Meeting postponed the election of one member of the Commission in order to allow for additional nominations by that Group.

The Open-Ended Working Group on the Conditions of Service of the Members of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, coordinated by Anastasia Strati (Greece) and James Waweru (Kenya), continued to consider the issues of working space for Commission members, as well as options for mechanisms to provide them with medical insurance coverage.  The Open-Ended Working Group will continue its work in between sessions.

Following the meeting of the Working Group, the Meeting took note of improvements to the Commission’s working space and of information presented by the Department of Management on matters relating to medical insurance coverage.  The Meeting endorsed the proposal by the Working Group to conduct a new condition-of-service survey involving the newly elected members of the Commission.  It further recommended that the General Assembly address the need for the Secretariat to provide for the storage of data and information for the purposes of the Commission, monitor access to such data and secure the means for intersessional communications.

The Meeting also considered, under article 319 of the Convention, the report of the Secretary-General for the information of States parties on issues of a general nature, relevant to States parties, which have arisen with respect to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (document A/71/74/Add.1 and A/72/70).

During deliberations under that agenda item, a considerable number of States parties and observers made statements, highlighting, among other things, the Convention as the legal framework within which all activities in the oceans and seas must be carried out, and the importance of its effective implementation, including for the sustainable development of oceans and seas and their resources, in particular in the context of the United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 (The Ocean Conference) and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well as the need for capacity-building and cross-sectoral cooperation and coordination.

A more detailed account of the proceedings of the twenty-seventh Meeting of States Parties will be included in the report of the Meeting, to be issued in due course.

For further information on the Meeting, including its documents, please visit the website of the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs, www.un.org/Depts/los/meeting_states_parties/twentyseventhmeetingstatesparties.htm.

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SAINTS IN EUROPE: A breakdown of Inter Milan

He was linked with the Saints manager’s job earlier this summer but Frank de Boer will be at St Mary’s after all this season – as boss of Inter Milan.

The Dutchman was reluctant to follow in the footsteps of compatriot Ronald Koeman but headed for the San Siro earlier this month when the chance to succeed Roberto Mancini came up.

Inter have the greatest European competition pedigree of any of the teams currently in the Europa League.

The three-time UEFA Cup winners won the Champions League under Jose Mourinho in 2010.

Famously, they sealed their greatest triumph since winning back-to-back European Cups in the mid-1960s by beating Barcelona in the semi-finals before defeating Bayern Munich in the final.

Daily Echo: Inter Milan’s Auto Nagatomo and Celtic’s Ryan Christie battle for the ball during the International Champions Cup match at Thomond Park, Limerick. 

Inter went on to complete the club’s first treble, by adding the Serie A title and the Coppa Italia.

But Mourinho left to join Real Madrid at the end of that season and the subsequent years have been relatively fallow.

Last season’s fourth place was Inter’s best since finishing runners-up behind their great rivals AC Milan in 2010/11 under the Brazilian legend Leonardo.

But Mancini, Inter’s longest-serving manager since the great Giovanni Trapattoni (1986-91), was sacked after his relationship with the club’s owners, Suning Holdings, broke down.

Inter made an inauspicious start to the Frank De Boer era, losing their first game 2-0 at Chievo on Sunday.

But they have a rising star in Mauro Icardi. The Argentine striker is Inter’s captain at just 23 and has scored 47 goals in 78 Serie A starts.

He plays alongside Brazil-born Italy international Eder, Graziano Pelle’s strike partner at the European Championships.

Daily Echo:

Eder scored the winner in the Azzurri’s final group game against Sweden but has only scored one goal in 14 appearances for Inter since being signed on loan from Sampdoria in January.

There is a plethora of internationals in the rest of the Inter side. Their back four last Sunday was made up of former Italy defender Andrea Ranocchia, who plays alongside Brazil international Miranda, with Danilo D’Ambrosio and the diminutive Japan star Yuto Nagatomo occupying the full-back positions.

Defensive midfielder Geoffrey Kondogbia – capped five times by France – plays alongside Gary Medel, who knows what it is like to beat Saints.

The Chile star played in a 1-0 Premier League win at St Mary’s in April 2014, in one of his last games for Cardiff City before joining Inter for £9m.

He was joined in the Inter midfield against Chievo by two debutants; Argentina international Ever Banega having made the move from Sevilla and winger Antonio Candreva recently signed from Lazio.

Inter host Palermo tomorrow, while the next Milan derby is on November 20 – four days before Inter’s visit to St Mary’s.

The stadium

Daily Echo:

Stadio Giuseppe Meazza (the San Siro)

WITH a capacity of 80,018, the San Siro is the biggest stadium in Italy.

It hosted its fourth European Cup final last season, won on penalties by Real Madrid against Atletico Madrid after a 1-1 draw, as well as six games at the 1990 World Cup, including the opening game between Argentina and Cameroon.

A project of former AC Milan president Piero Pirelli, it was opened in 1926 has been shared with Inter since 1945.

Its official name is the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza after the two-time World Cup winner (1934, 1938) who played for Inter Milan and briefly for Milan in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s.

Both clubs have looked into building new stadiums in recent years, but plans have fallen through.

Located in the west of Milan five kilometres from Milan’s city centre, it is easily reached by metro or tram.

The city

Daily Echo: The skyline of Milan

MILAN is a giant, cosmopolitan international city renowned for its rich history, culture, fashion and sporting prowess.

The metropolis of 1.3million people is the capital of Italy’s northern Lombardy region and is one of Europe’s biggest cities, famed as one of the most fashionable places in the world.

The former Imperial Roman capital has grown to become an industrial powerhouse and a global capital of fashion, design and entertainment.

The Milanese have a religious addiction to calcio (football) with a fierce rivalry between Inter Milan and AC Milan – with both teams boasting illustrious trophy cabinets.

The city is the home of the country’s stock exchange – but its rich history is evident in its world-leading range of ancient historic buildings, museums, theatres and shopping parades.

Its luxury boutiques are a favourite haunt of the celebrities and stars and include high value brands for city-based fashion houses Armani, Versace and Dolce & Gabbana.

There is a huge selection of art collections, unparalleled shopping and one of Europe’s biggest trade-fair complexes and vibrant nightlife.

One of the most breathtaking landmarks is Gothic cathedral, the Duomo, with a pearly white facade, adorned with 135 spires and 3,400 statues which have taken 600 years in the making.

It has some of the largest stained-glass windows in Christendom.

The church of Santa Maria delle Grazie houses Leonardo da Vinci’s masterpiece, The Last Supper – a 5th Century mural depicts Jesus’s last meal with his disciples which takes pride of place in the refectory of the UNESCO World Heritage site.

La Scala opera house is considered by many to be one of the world’s most famous opera houses and has hosted leading lights such as Italy’s own Luciano Pavarotti.

The city is a shopper’s paradise with jewellers, bakers, carpenters and milliners (who derived their name from the city in the 16th Century) and a huge range of quality and choice on offer.

Top locations for browsing include the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele shopping arcade with chic boutiques and luxury stores, plus Quadrilatero d’Oro and the retail arteries of Via Brera, Corso Magenta, Corso Vercelli and Corso Buenos Aires.

There are countless opportunities to enjoy the best of Lombard and Italian food in a range of restaurants and cafés and plenty of opportunities for wine tasting.

Sleeping in Milan can be pricey. Unless you’ve got money to burn, your best bet is one of the surprisingly luxurious bed and breakfasts.

But there are budget places to stay including the Euro Hotel near Porta Venezia – but its competitive prices mean that it is popular with groups and fills up fast during major events, meaning that people should book online for the best rates and deals.

Autumns are generally pleasant, with temperatures ranging between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) but can be characterised by higher rainfall.

Those wanting to stay longer can also take an hour trip to Lake Como – to the north and surrounded by snowcapped mountains and picturesque Mediterranean villas.

Venice is two-and-a-half hours to the east.

How to get there

Daily Echo:

MILAN has three airports – but London Gatwick is the only airport flying into the main city airport Milan Linate.

EasyJet offers the round trip for £60 for those prepared take the return Friday morning flight at 6am.

A more sociable 10.30am departure time from Milan costs around £80.

Fans can also choose to travel from London Luton to Milan Malpensa airport for around £55 however the airport is located 50km from the city centre.

Flights to all Milan airports take approximately two hours.

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Daily News 15 / 07 / 2016

Interventions du Président Jean-Claude Juncker suite aux attentats à Nice, France

Suite aux attentats de hier soir à Nice, le président de la Commission européenne Jean-Claude Juncker a déclaré: “Je suis très touché et affligé par la terrible épreuve qui vient de toucher la belle ville de Nice en ce jour de fête nationale.” Le président a également adressé une lettre au président de la République française Francois Hollande, réaffirmant l’engagement de la Commission européenne à être aux côtés de la France et des autres États membres pour lutter contre le terrorisme à l’intérieur comme à l’extérieur de l’Union européenne, en écrivant “Notre détermination reste aussi ferme que notre unité.” Dans une lettre adressée au président du conseil régional de Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Christian Estrosi, il a exprimé sa plus grande solidarité envers les victimes, leurs familles et tous les Niçois et Niçoises aujourd’hui dans le deuil. Le Président Juncker et les leaders participant actuellement au Sommet Asie-Europe à Oulan-Bator ont également publié une déclaration commune sur le terrorisme international, condamnant les attentats récents en Europe, Asie et ailleurs. En outre, Le Président Juncker s’est réuni avec le Président du Conseil européen, M. Donald Tusk, ainsi que le Premier ministre du Japon, M. Shinzō Abe pour une conférence de presse pendant laquelle ils ont déclaré: “L’acte terroriste, qui fut lâche et barbare, qui a frappé la ville de Nice pendant la nuit m’a profondément choqué, attristé, affligé”. Intervenant à la session plénière de l’ASEM à Oulan-Bator ce matin le président Juncker a poursuivi: “Ce qui s’est passé à Nice est la négation de tout ce en quoi nous croyons, de tout ce qui nous réunit.” (Pour plus d’informations: Mina Andreeva – Tel.: +32 229 91382; Natasha Bertaud – Tel.: +32 229 67456)

 

Energy: EU invests €263 million in energy infrastructure

Today EU Member States agreed on the European Commission’s proposal to invest €263 million in key European energy infrastructure projects. The lion’s share of the investment will support the building of gas infrastructure in the Baltic Sea region as well as supporting the electricity sector across Europe. Nine projects were selected following a call for proposals under the EU funding support programme the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). The selected priority projects aim to increase energy security, connect the isolated EU Member States to the wider European grid and contribute to the Energy Union objectives of affordable, secure and sustainable energy.The European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: “Well-connected energy infrastructure is essential to achieving the Energy Union. This EU support will help fill existing gaps in energy infrastructure, putting us on the path to a truly connected European energy market. This is necessary to strengthen the security of energy supply and a more efficient use of the energy resources and integration of renewables into the grid.” With a total of €800 million available for grants under Connecting Europe Facility – Energy in 2016, the second 2016 call for proposals with an indicative budget of €600 million is currently ongoing and will close on 8 November. Under the Connecting Europe Facility, a total of €5.35 billion was allocated to trans-European energy infrastructure for the period of 2014-2020. Read entire press release in EN, FR and DE. (For more information: Anna-Kaisa Itkonen – Tel.: +32 229 56186; Nicole Bockstaller – Tel.: +32 229 52589)

 

EU steps up humanitarian aid for victims of Boko Haram in Africa’s Lake Chad region

The European Commission has today announced €58.2 million in humanitarian aid to support the populations in the Lake Chad region in Africa. The funding brings the overall EU humanitarian aid package for the Sahel region to over €203 million in 2016. “A full-scalehumanitarian crisis has been fuelled by violence in a fragile region. The EU is committed to supporting those displaced and affected by the violence of Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin. Our support will target the most vulnerable in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger where more than two and a half million people have been displaced by the terror of Boko Haram alone. Our aid will help provide food, shelter, clean water, and healthcare, as well as protection to the displaced and the host communities. Everything must be done so humanitarian aid workers can deliver lifesaving assistance safely and urgently access those in need” saidCommissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides who is currently on a visit to the region. The violence inflicted by the terrorist group Boko Haram from northern Nigeria has destabilised the entire Lake Chad region, causing large scale displacements of people.A full press release is available here. A map showing the funding is available here (For more information: Alexandre Polack – Tel.: +32 229 90677; Daniel Puglisi – Tel.: +32 229 69140)

 

EU adopts decisions to recognise equivalence and adequacy of US auditor oversight authorities

The European Commission has today adopted two decisions recognising the equivalence and adequacy of the US auditor oversight authorities. These decisions extend the current agreement, which expires on 31 July 2016, by a further six years. Commissioner Jonathan Hill, responsible for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union said: “I welcome the extension of both decisions as it provides a strong basis for continued cooperation between the EU and the US. Both partners share the objective of promoting confidence and protecting investors. The auditor oversight authorities are committed to strengthening their cooperation further in order to achieve even greater mutual reliance in the future.” For more information on the new audit rules, see our memo. (For more information: Vanessa Mock – Tel.: +32 229 56194; Letizia Lupini – Tel.: +32 229 51958)  

 

Mergers: Commission clears ice cream joint venture between PAI Partners and Nestlé

The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the creation of Froneri, a joint venture by PAI Partners of France and Nestlé of Switzerland. Froneri will manufacture and market ice cream products in and outside of Europe, and frozen food products in Europe. PAI Partners will contribute to Froneri its ice cream business, operating as R&R. Nestlé will contribute its ice cream business in Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, Philippines, Brazil and Argentina and part of its frozen food business in Europe. The Commission concluded that the proposed acquisition would raise no competition concerns, because R&R and Nestlé are not close competitors in the European Economic Area ice cream markets and will continue to face competition from Unilever and several other ice cream manufacturers. The transaction was examined under the normal merger review procedure. More information is available on the Commission’s competition website, in the public case registerunder the case number M.7946.(For more information: Ricardo Cardoso – Tel.: +32 229 80100; Giulia Komel – Tel.: +32 229 61175)

 

Mergers: Commission approves the acquisition of joint control over Novy by BNP Paribas Fortis Private Equity, Sofindev and DHAM

The Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of joint control over Novy International NV by BNP Paribas Fortis Private Equity Belgium NV, Sofindev IV NV and DHAM NV, all of Belgium. Novy is the holding company controlling the Novy Group which is active in the design, manufacture and marketing of high‑end kitchen appliances. BNP Paribas Fortis Private Equityis a branch office of BNP Paribas dedicated to private equity and mezzanine financing. Sofindev is a private equity firm, investing in Belgian small and medium sized enterprises. DHAM is the holding company of the Colruyt group which is mainly active in the retail of daily consumer goods, but is also involved in other activities including foodservice, fuel retail and wholesale of daily consumer goods. The Commission concluded that the proposed acquisition would raise no competition concerns, because Novy’s activities do not overlap with those of BNP Paribas Fortis Private Equity and Sofindev and their portfolio companies, nor with those of the Colruyt Group. The transaction was examined under the simplified merger review procedure. More information is available on the Commission’s competition website, in the public case register under the case number M.8094.  (For more information: Ricardo Cardoso – Tel.: +32 229 80100; Giulia Komel – Tel.: +32 229 61175)

 

EUROSTAT: Mai 2016 – Excédent de 24,6 mrds d’euros du commerce international de biens de la zone euro, Excédent de 6,4 mrds d’euros pour l’UE28

D’après les premières estimations pour le mois de mai 2016, les exportations de biens de la zone euro (ZE19) vers le reste du monde se sont établies à 167,4 milliards d’euros, en hausse de 2% par rapport à mai 2015 (164,3 mrds). Les importations depuis le reste du monde ont quant à elles été de 142,8 mrds d’euros, en recul de 2% par rapport à mai 2015 (146,0 mrds). En conséquence, la zone euro a enregistré en mai 2016 un excédent de 24,6 mrds d’euros de son commerce international de biens avec le reste du monde, contre +18,3 mrds en mai 2015. Le commerce intra-zone euro a augmenté à 139,4 mrds d’euros en mai 2016, soit +1% par rapport à mai 2015. Un communiqué de presse EUROSTAT est disponible en ligne. (For more information: Enrico Brivio – Tel.: +32 229 56172; Axel Fougner – Tel.: +32 229 57276)

 

EUROSTAT: Le taux d’inflation annuel de la zone euro en hausse à 0,1%

Le taux d’inflation annuel de la zone euro s’est établi à 0,1% en juin 2016, contre -0,1% en mai. Un an auparavant, il était de 0,2%. Le taux d’inflation annuel de l’Union européenne s’est établi à 0,0% en juin 2016, contre -0,1% en mai. Un an auparavant, il était de 0,1%. Ces chiffres sont publiés par Eurostat, l’office statistique de l’Union européenne. Un communiqué de presse EUROSTAT est disponible en ligne.(For more information: Vanessa Mock – Tel.: +32 229 56194; Audrey Augier – Tel.: +32 229 71607)

Upcoming events of the European Commission (ex-Top News)

Calendar

The Commissioners’ weekly activities

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Eurozone crisis will cost world’s poorest countries $238bn

Overseas Development Institute says knock-on effect of sovereign debt crisis will hit trade, aid and investment

The world’s poorest countries will receive a $238bn (£152bn) hit from Europe’s sovereign debt crisis as the knock-on effects from weak growth and austerity in the single currency zone affect trade, aid, investment and remittances, one of the UK’s development institutes said.

A study by the Overseas Development Institute showed export-dependent emerging nations were vulnerable to a prolonged downturn in Europe triggered by fears of a break-up of monetary union.

Research found weaker demand in Europe for imports from low and low-to-middle income countries would have a marked impact on growth. In what it called a “bombshell” for poor nations, the ODI said the cumulative output loss in 2012 and 2013 would amount to $238bn.

The European Union is the biggest economic unit in the global economy and is the largest export market for countries in the developing world. The ODI said a 1% drop in global export demand could hit growth in poor countries by up to 0.5%, with Mozambique, Kenya, Niger, Cameroon, Cape Verde and Paraguay most at risk from the eurozone crisis.

Many developing countries, including the world’s poorest region, Sub-Saharan Africa, have enjoyed growth in recent years, partly due to the strong demand for their raw material and commodities from China and other fast-growing nations.

Author Isabella Massa said: “There are three broad ways in which the eurozone crisis will affect developing countries – through financial contagion, as a knock-on effect of fiscal consolidation in Europe to meet austerity needs, and through a drop in the value of currencies pegged to the euro.”

The ODI report says, Côte d’Ivoire relies on exports to the EU for over 17% of its GDP, while in Mozambique and Nigeria the figure was about 14% and 10% respectively. Tajikistan was most dependent on remittances in 2010, with up to 40% of GDP coming from citizens abroad.

Liberia and Democratic Republic of the Congo were dependent on foreign direct investment in 2010, with inward FDI as a share of GDP equal to over 25% and 20% respectively. Niger followed with a value of inward FDI as a share of GDP equal to 17%.

Robert Zoellick, outgoing president of the World Bank, warned developing countries that they needed to prepare for a renewed wave of global financial turbulence stemming from Europe, and said they should put their finances in order so they had scope to ease policy.

The Bank has already pencilled in an easing of growth rates in the developing world this year to 5.3%.

Massa said: “Poor countries are vulnerable to the euro crisis not only because of their exposure (due to dependence on trade flows, remittances, private capital flows and aid) but also because of their weaker resilience compared to 2007, before the onset of the global financial crisis.

“The ability of developing countries to respond to the shock waves emanating from the euro area crisis is likely to be constrained if international finance dries up and global conditions deteriorate sharply.”

In order to weather the crisis, the ODI advised developing countries should continue to focus on the goals of solid public finances and economic stability as long-term goals, but should also “spur aggregate domestic demand, promote export diversification in both markets and products, improve financial regulation, endorse long-term growth policies, and strengthen social safety nets.

“For their part, multilateral institutions should ensure that adequate funds and shock facilities are put in place in a coordinated way to provide effective and timely assistance to crisis-affected countries.”

The ODI report said that the ability of developing countries to respond to the shock waves emanating from the euro area crisis was likely to be constrained if flows of international finance dried up and if the global economy took another turn for the worse.

“The escalation of the euro crisis and the fact that growth rates in emerging BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) economies, which have been the engine of the global recovery after the 2008–9 financial crisis, are now slowing down make the current situation really worrying for developing countries.”

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