By the end of 2016, projects and programmes committed for Africa under the 11th European Development Fund — EDF attained the overall amount of EUR 6.4 billion, including around EUR 2 billion in November and December. These concerned measures in 16 countries, 3 regions — Central, West and Eastern/Southern Africa, and the Intra-ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific), with at least 35% of the amount devoted to governance issues e.g. in Benin, Nigeria and Tanzania.
The Commission generally ensures a strict qualitative and quantitative monitoring of its activities across all instruments, countries and regions, and sectors of intervention. Information on the audit and control approach used for external action is publicly available(1) as it is the case for information on the EU approach to reports, audits and discharge(2).
More specifically, governance and rule of law issues receive focused support in at least 28 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (e.g. Ghana, Liberia, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Kenya, Mozambique, Lesotho) including through budget support programmes. The latter are specifically designed to improve country systems, including public financial management, to improve transparency, accountability and to fight against corruption. It allows the Commission to monitor budget allocation and execution of partner countries and engage in policy dialogue on reforms. Risks and results are systematically monitored and risk mitigating measures are applied.
While supporting the strengthening of partner countries’ oversight bodies, the Commission is regularly the object of scrutiny by the European Court of Auditors (e.g. annual and special reports) and the European Parliament itself (e.g. discharge procedure).