Third Committee Delegates Applaud Gains in Children’s Access to Health Care, Legal Protections, while Decrying Deadly Impact of Conflict on Their Development

Dark Reality of War Shapes How Young People Imagine Themselves, Afghanistan’s Representative SaysDelegates highlighted improvements in children’s access to health care and vaccination coverage, while also underscoring the importance of young peopl…

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Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural)

Note:  A complete summary of today’s Third Committee meetings will be made available after their conclusion.Background

The Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) continued its debate on the promotion and protection of the rights of c…

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Beginning Coordination, Management Segment, Economic and Social Council Adopts Texts on Social Development, Gender, Non-Governmental Organizations

Commencing its 2019 Management Segment, the Economic and Social Council today adopted seven resolutions and six draft decisions and took up several reports on various topics, including one draft decision it adopted by a recorded vote.The decision title…

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Daily Press Briefing by the Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General

The following is a near-verbatim transcript of today’s noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General.**Lebanon

I just got a note from our colleagues at UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force) in Lebanon, so I will …

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Daily Press Briefing by the Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General

The following is a near-verbatim transcript of today’s noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General.**Lebanon

I just got a note from our colleagues at UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force) in Lebanon, so I will …

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Non-Governmental Organizations Committee Takes Note of Nearly 400 Quadrennial Reports, Postpones Action on Several Others

On the seventh day of its 2018 regular session, the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations today took note of 394 quadrennial reports from various organizations, while postponing action on several other reports after members of the body …

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Daily Press Briefing by the Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General

The following is a near‑verbatim transcript of today’s noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary‑General.

Good afternoon, thank you for coming.

**Mediterranean

The Secretary‑General will speak to the Security Council this afternoon about the security challenges in the Mediterranean Sea.  He expects to tell the Council that the Mediterranean region faces serious challenges on multiple fronts, including illicit trade in narcotics, weapons and petroleum products; large movements of refugees and migrants; maritime piracy; and human rights violations.  So far this year, at least 2,800 refugees and migrants have perished in the Mediterranean, while countless others died on their way across the desert.  The Secretary‑General will argue that we need a more effective cooperation in cracking down on smugglers and traffickers, while protecting their victims and opening up meaningful opportunities for regular migration.  And right now, as you know Security Council members are holding consultations concerning the Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM) for Syria.

**Bangladesh/Myanmar

Our humanitarian colleagues tell us that approximately 620,000 Rohingya refugees have fled Myanmar for Bangladesh since 25 August.  The refugees are mostly living in makeshift settlements without adequate infrastructure or services.  As of today, the Rohingya Refugee Crisis Response Plan has received nearly $140 million, or just under one third of what is actually needed.  Donors have pledged a total of $360 million for the response, and we urge them to disburse these funds as quickly as possible. For its part, the UNHCR [Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees] says that, over the past 10 days, it has received reports of some 30 improvised rafts, carrying more than 1,000 people, arriving in Bangladesh from Myanmar.

As of today, more than 100 Rohingya refugees are known to have drowned in shipwrecks and boat incidents since the start of the crisis, with recent arrivals telling UNHCR that they had been waiting for more than a month in desperate conditions on Myanmar’ shores.  Also, the Secretary‑General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Pramila Patten, wrapped up a visit to Bangladesh.  She said her observations point to a pattern of widespread atrocities, including gang rape and sexual slavery.  Ms. Patten said her office has agreement to develop a framework of cooperation with the Government to strengthen sexual- and gender‑based violence services and programmes.

**Yemen

Our humanitarian colleagues tell us that, as the blockade by the Saudi‑Led Coalition on Yemen’s Sana’a airport and the country’s main ports in Hodeidah and Saleef is now in its twelfth day, millions of Yemenis continue to require urgent humanitarian assistance to stave off starvation and disease.  The warring parties are obligated under international humanitarian law to allow and facilitate safe, rapid, unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief to all people in need, through all sea ports and airports and throughout the country.  To prevent a health catastrophe, medical supplies need to be imported to contain a new outbreak of diphtheria, which is putting at risk approximately 1 million children.  In addition, fuel is necessary to provide water, but reports say the lack of fuel imports has resulted in three cities shutting down their clean water and sewage systems.  In ten days, there will be no petrol supplies left in the northern parts of Yemen.

**Iraq

Turning to Iraq, our humanitarian colleagues there tell us that preliminary findings of a humanitarian assessment mission to Tal Usquf in Iraq’s Ninewa Governorate have recorded 250 houses as either partially or fully damaged following the military realignment in northern Iraq in the middle of last month.  The primary needs in the area were found to include school rehabilitation, medical equipment, and winterization, such as the supply of heating fuel.  Humanitarian workers continue to struggle with effective access to Tal Usquf, due to the closure of key checkpoints in the area.  Meanwhile, some 4,800 people, who had left in the context of the military realignment, have since returned to the area.  Regarding earthquake recovery near the Iran‑Iraq border, the delivery of humanitarian services and assistance continues, as do assessments in the affected areas.  The Darbandikhan water treatment plant has been found to be operational at only 20 per cent capacity following the quake.  Distribution of water purification tablets and water purifiers is planned to ensure people are not exposed to waterborne diseases.

**Climate Change

Today, the Climate Change Conference in Bonn is coming to an end.  Our colleagues there tell us that this evening countries are expected to adopt a series of decisions that will advance the process of implementing the Paris Agreement.  Some of the announcements made today include a Global Alliance by more than 20 countries to phase out coal, the launch of an initiative to promote clean biofuels; the expansion of a G7 initiative to increase insurance coverage for climate‑related disasters; a $59 million commitment by Germany to help developing countries in their adaptation efforts; and a pledge by the EU to make up any shortfall in funding for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  Going forward, countries will discuss progress made through the newly established “Talanoa Dialogue”, a mechanism to facilitate dialogue among the Parties.  More information on the UNFCCC’s [United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change] website.

**Cameroon

Our colleagues at the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) said yesterday in a statement that they are concerned about the increase in the number of security incidents in the North West and South West regions of Cameroon.  The UN, they say, condemns the use of any form of violence by any party and reiterates its call for calm and restraint.  The UN has continuously stated that the best way to address the situation in the two regions is through a genuine and inclusive dialogue.  The Secretary‑General reiterates the availability of his Special Representative, François Louncény Fall, to assist national efforts in the search for a lasting peaceful solution to the crisis.

**Colombia

Turning to Colombia, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) there tells us they have noted an increase in murders and threats against human rights defenders and community leaders in the Pacific Coast region.  In most cases, the victims are from indigenous and Afro‑Colombian communities.

**El Salvador

Staying in the Southern Hemisphere, Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein, the High Commissioner for Human Rights, today wrapped up a visit to El Salvador, the first ever by a UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.  He said that, 25 years after the end of the civil war, El Salvador has proven itself to be a functioning democracy that honours freedom of expression and the political discourse there is vibrant.  Moreover, by presiding over the Human Rights Council, the High Commissioner said the country has demonstrated its willingness to take a leadership role internationally, along with the responsibilities of being on the Council, which is much appreciated.  The High Commissioner thoroughly condemned the violence perpetrated by gangs and organized crime there.  He took note of the Government’s plan to curb and prevent violence, stressing that it needs to be implemented in a comprehensive way, in accordance with international human rights standards.

**Cambodia

The High Commissioner has also released a statement expressing his grave concern over the conduct of credible, free and fair elections in Cambodia next year following the Supreme Court’s decision to dissolve the main opposition party.

**Antimicrobial Resistance

Our friends at the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] and the World Health Organization (WHO) today released a survey which reveals that countries have stepped up their efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance on farms and in food systems.  The survey found that more than 6.5 billion people — or more than 90 per cent of the world’s population ‑ now live in a country that already has, or is developing a national action plan to tackle the issue.  Nearly all of these plans cover both human and animal health in line with the recommended “one health”, multi‑sectoral approach.

**Sustainable Development Goals

A couple of things to flag for you over the weekend and Monday: Over the weekend, in Doha, Qatar, there will be a High‑level Conference to jump‑start 2018 discussions on financing for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  Hosted by Qatar, with the support from the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the event will address current challenges in advancing [financing for] the SDGs and implementing the Addis Ababa Action Agenda.  The results of the Conference will be presented during next year’s high‑level political forum [on sustainable development], which will take place here at UN Headquarters.  More information on Department’s website.

**Children’s Day

On Monday, our colleagues at UNICEF [United Nations Children’s Fund] will host an event here at Headquarters to mark World Children’s Day.  The Secretary‑General will be in attendance along with high‑profile supporters, special guests, and 150 children representing some of the world’s most vulnerable children to speak out to the international community on issues that matter to them.  Some of the participants include:  singers, songwriters and musicians Chloe and Halle, who will debut a specially penned track to mark the day; Isabela Moner from Transformers:  The Last Knight and Nickelodeon; Logan actress Dafne Keen; Jaden Michael, the star of Wonderstruck; and Zari, the star of the local Afghan version of Sesame Street.  There will be a blue carpet photo call from 9 a.m. in the East Foyer which you are all welcome to attend.

**Toilet Day

I also want to flag that Sunday is World Toilet Day.  This year’s theme is wastewater, and it seeks to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.  Today, more than 4.5 billion people live without a household toilet that safely disposes of their waste.  As in previous years, there will be a giant inflatable toilet in front of the UN Secretariat on Monday from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.  The toilet is installed by UN Water with the support of the Mission of Singapore.

**Press Briefings

Press conferences:  at 9.45 a.m, Monday, you are expected to hear from Danny Danon, the Permanent Representative of Israel.  He will speak to you at the Security Council stakeout.  At 11 a.m. there will be a press briefing right here in this room on the CARICOM [Caribbean Community]‑UN High‑level pledging conference: Building a more Climate‑resilient community.  This is in the aftermath of the terrible hurricanes that struck the Caribbean region.  After I’m done, you will hear from my competitor, Brenden Varma.

**Questions and Answers

Question:  Sure.  I was going to start with… with rosewood, but I have to actually ask you about this… this this François [Louncény] Fall statement.  And the reason I’m… I’m asking is that, as you may know and… and… and five experts of Geneva‑based special rapporteurs, including on freedom of expression, defence of human right defenders and others, issued a statement.  I don’t know… I guess I want to ask you about it.  The statement says… is largely focused on abuses by the Government of Anglophones, censorship, turning off social media.  They have a… a… a death figure.  They talk about torture.  And so I’m wondering.  How is it… how is… I know that they’re not part of the UN system.  They do give briefings in this room.  They are appointed by the Human Rights Council.  What’s the relationship between human rights experts saying the Government is killing Anglophones and François Fall saying territory is important and gendarmes have been killed? It seems like they’re two opposing statements.

Spokesman:  A, I don’t think they’re in contradiction of each other, and everybody has a different role within the wide and varied UN system.  The special rapporteurs, as you do note, are independent from the Secretariat and the Secretary‑General, appointed by the Human Rights Council.  They are an extremely important part of the UN’s human rights mechanism and, as a matter of principle, countries should cooperate with these human rights experts.  I’m not privy to their research or how they get their information.  As I said, they’re independent.  We have over the past months, expressed our concern at the violence.  We’ve expressed our concern at the lack of Internet access.  The basic message that Mr. Fall and that the Secretary‑General have reiterated is the fact that the situation in these two regions will best be addressed by an inclusive and genuine political dialogue.

Question:  Just… thanks.  I want to ask one follow-up.  And I asked you before, but I think you’ll see the need to… to actually… to answer it now.  Mr. François Fall, in an interview played on UN Radio, said that secessionists are extremists and that federalism, which used to be the status of this area, is off the table.  Number one, that’s why people don’t see him as a credible mediator, but more importantly, the equation of nonviolent secessionists with extremists is exactly the logic that the Government uses to kill people from… from helicopter gunships, so that’s why I’m asking you.  It seems like some of the problems that the human rights experts are criticizing are, in fact… I don’t want to say caused by Mr. Fall’s statement, but in some way resonant with the logic of… of saying that anyone that says we should be independent is an extremist and should be shot at from a helicopter.

Spokesman:  I don’t agree with your logic, and I don’t think in any way, shape, or form Mr. Fall should be blamed for what is going on in the country.  Yes, sir?

Question:  On the JIM Mechanism… is… is the Secretary‑General disappointed by yesterday’s vote and what’s the expectations from today’s consultations?

Spokesman:  Well, our understanding is that there are consultations going on.  We’ve seen the press reports, as you have, of some sort of a draft resolution calling for a technical rollover.  It’s obviously up for the Security Council to decide on the fate of the JIM, which operates under its mandate.  I think the Secretary‑General has been very clear from the beginning about the importance of the work of the JIM, especially in assigning… excuse me, let me take that again.  The importance of the work of the JIM, especially in terms of accountability and setting accountability for the horrendous use of chemical weapons that we have seen in Syria.  But at this very moment, it’s in the hands of the Security Council.  And the shelf life of the JIM, if unchanged, ends at midnight tonight, if I’m not mistaken.  Stefano?

Question:  Yes, about Libya.  Yesterday, there was the Security Council meeting on Libya, and today, the Italian Foreign Minister, I know, is going to meet also the Secretary‑General.  Just three days ago, the High Commissioner for Human Rights was saying he had… had a very strong critic on the policy of the European Union on… on the agreement that they reached with Libya to hold the migrants, because the situation of those camps, he said that it’s inhumane and the situation is getting worse instead of better.  So there was just a press conference with the Italian Foreign Minister.  I asked the question what is his… what is his reaction to this critic? And he said that… that Italy is doing anything possible.  He’s also helping the UN agency, and then he said… in Italian, he said… “più buona azione e meno lezione.”  Rough translation is, “more good action and less lecture”.  Now, what is the reaction to something like this? I mean, it looks like Italy…

Spokesman:  Listen, I… my knowledge of Italian is good, but I will not delve into the subtleties of commenting on something I haven’t heard.  I think the UN system has expressed its concern at the fate of the people who are stuck in Libya, migrants and refugees.  We have seen horrendous reports come out.  There’s been talk of slavery and of just horrendous conditions, and these things need to be addressed.

Question:  Just a quick follow‑up on that specific question.  What do you think about what, for example, Filippo Grandi had to say we are here, but there are not the security conditions yet to be able to run those… those camps? What does the General Secretary think?  Are the conditions of security…

Spokesman:  We’re not going to second‑guess the High Commissioner for [Refugees] in terms of when he says what the conditions are needed in order for him to deploy more people on the ground.  That’s his call, and it’s up to him to decide.  The Secretary‑General is not going to second-guess him.  Our efforts, through Mr. [Ghassan] Salamé, is on creating a political solution… working with the Libyan parties to move forward on a political solution to create the conditions that will restore peace and stability to the country.  Mr. Lee?

Question:  Sure.  Actually, just one… first, a follow‑up on the JIM thing.  I don’t know if you’ll answer it or not, but I did notice that between the two resolutions yesterday, you were… you went into the Council, which is obviously your right, well within your rights.  I just wanted… I guess I’m interested.  Was it within the capacity of knowing whether it would pass so the Secretary‑General could… could report on it?  Just in what capacity…?

Spokesman:  No, I… the Secretary‑General doesn’t rely on his spokesman to find out what’s going on in the Security Council.

Correspondent:  That’s why I’m asking.  That’s why it was interesting.

Spokesman:  I go in because I have the privilege to be able to go into the room and once in a while, I like to go into the room and soak up the atmosphere and see what’s going on.

Question:  Okay.  Fair enough, fair enough.  Yesterday, I had asked you about… about some questions about this rosewood situation, and I want to say that yesterday, there were 46,000 people petitioning for the Secretary‑General.  Now, there’s 62,000.  But you had said to me, go and read Le Monde, so I did read Le Monde, and… and there’s no mention of Cameroon in it, but, in fact, in the report by the Environmental Investigation Agency, there is… and in other reports, there are talk that some of these logs don’t over come from Nigeria, which would make them outright illegal, signing any certificate for their export.  So, I wanted to… this is the kind of thing I would like to ask Amina Mohammed if she did a press conference, just what did she know about… I’m sure there’s answers.  I’m sure there’s many things that could be said.

Spokesman:  Next time she’s in front of the press, she will be… she has engaged with journalists who have written stories on this and has not been hiding from anything.  Quite to the contrary.  We have said what we’ve had to say.  I think any further questions on how this issue is dealt with should go to the Nigerian Government.

Correspondent:  But just so you know, the petitioners are not writing to the Nigerian Government.  They’re saying that there’s inconsistencies…

Spokesman:  I’ve answered the question about the petitioners.

Question:  This is kind of a related question that you may or may not like, but there’s a lot of interest by… by Greenpeace and other environmental organizations in a… in a… in a move by the Democratic Republic of the Congo to end what’s called an embargo on logging, or an embargo on new, you know, industrial logging concessions.  And so people… I could imagine a UN body or the Secretariat itself, since it relates to climate change, might have a position on this.  Sorry to ask you, but given the 62,000 signatures, would Amina Mohammed, otherwise, you know, responsible for sustainable development on many issues, would she be recused from deciding the Secretariat’s position on logging matters until this logging matter is cleaned up?

Spokesman:  You’re jumping over conclusions that, I think, that have… over facts that have been an Olympic record.

Correspondent:  Read the petition.

Spokesman:  I’m not talking about the petition.  I’m talking about your… the logic within your question.  I think Amina Mohammed has, in her past capacity, in her current capacity, has been a very strong advocate against illegal logging and has shown that through her actions.  Thank you.

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Daily Press Briefing by the Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General

The following is a near-verbatim transcript of today’s noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General.

**Press Conference

First of all, I have some good news:  on Tuesday, at 11:45 a.m., the Secretary-General of the United Nations — the ninth Secretary-General — António Guterres, will be here for a press conference.  So, he’ll be here at 11:45 a.m. on Tuesday, and that will be pegged to World Refugee Day.

**Democratic Republic of the Congo

In other news, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, met today with President Joseph Kabila in Kinshasa, as part of a five-day trip to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Throughout his visit, Mr. Lacroix reaffirmed the UN’s commitment to support the full implementation of the 31 December Agreement and the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (MONUSCO) efforts to help create a peaceful environment conducive to the holding of free, fair and inclusive elections by the end of the year.

Mr. Lacroix conveyed the UN’s deep concern over the continuing violence and grave human rights abuses in the Kasais.  He underscored the importance of ensuring accountability for crimes committed by all sides and pledged the UN’s full support in ensuring that those responsible for the killing of Michael Sharp and Zaida Catalán are brought to justice.  On Wednesday, he travelled to Kananga, the capital of Kasaï Province, to express the UN’s solidarity with the people of the region and discuss ongoing efforts to strengthen the UN Mission’s presence there.  In Goma, Mr. Lacroix exchanged views with the Governor of North Kivu, Julien Paluku, on how the UN Mission can best help address security challenges and inter-communal tensions in the province.   And a fuller note to correspondents is being issued.

**Syria

The Office of the Special Envoy for Syria — Staffan de Mistura’s office — has completed two days of joint technical meetings at the United Nations in Geneva with opposition experts from the High Negotiations Committee, the Cairo platform and the Moscow platform.  These meetings took place in the context of the consultative process on constitutional and legal issues established by the Special Envoy during the sixth round of the intra-Syrian talks.  The opposition experts worked to develop joint technical [options] regarding the schedule and process for drafting a new constitution and its popular approval, and the principles involved, in the context of a negotiated political transition process within the framework of relevant Security Council resolutions.

Participants looked forward to continuing technical discussions in advance of a future round of the formal intra-Syrian talks.  To this end, they agreed to consult their political leadership and to meet again at the invitation of the Office of the Special Envoy in early July.

**Mali

And back here, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Mali, Mahamat Saleh Annadif, briefed the Security Council, and he said that there had been tangible progress over the past months in the implementation of the peace agreement, including with the holding of the conference for national harmony and the installation of interim authorities in five regions.  However, Mr. Annadif warned that these positive developments could be annihilated by tensions between the Coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad and the Plateforme, which have turned into inter-community conflict.  He called on the leaders of these two movements to put an end to the killings of innocent people.

Mr. Annadif further noted that the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) would strengthen its support to the implementation of the agreement, increase its good-offices role, continue to support the international mediation and strengthen its partnership with the Malian armed forces to enhance their capacity and their redeployment across the [country].

**Lebanon

The members of the International Support Group for Lebanon welcome the agreement of a new electoral framework.  The [International Support Group] sees that this is a further step towards the reactivation of Lebanon’s institutions of state and normalization of Lebanese political life.  This will, in turn, be conducive to addressing pressing concerns of Lebanon’s citizens and to enhanced cooperation with the international community.  In the spirit of continued political progress, members of the Support Group stress that the timely conduct of peaceful and transparent parliamentary elections, in accordance with the Constitution and reflecting the country’s democratic traditions, will be important to sustain progress achieved to date.  The full statement is online.

**Ukraine

And today, our colleagues at the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warned that at least 750,000 children could be cut off from safe drinking water after a surge in fighting in eastern Ukraine.  UNICEF warns that nearly 3 million people rely on water infrastructure which is now in the line of fire.  As we told you earlier, some 400,000 people — one quarter of them children — were not able to access water this week following the destruction of filtration stations by shelling.  Urgent repairs were completed last night.  And UNICEF says that children cut off from clean drinking water can quickly contract water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, stressing that all sides of the conflict must allow urgent repairs when water sources are destroyed and immediately stop the indiscriminate shelling of vital civilian infrastructure.

**UNESCO

Yesterday, at the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) Headquarters in Paris, 144 countries and the European Union approved a set of guidelines to help countries ensure that artists and producers benefit fully and fairly from digital information technologies at the stages of creation, production and distribution.  The guidelines address the issues of fair pay for artists, as well as the need to ensure an inclusive offer of content to the public that will not discriminate against cultural goods on the basis of provenance, language or social factors.  They also reaffirm the need to respect human rights in the digital environment, notably freedom of expression, artistic freedom and gender equality.

**Family Remittances

And today is the International Day of Family Remittances.  The Day recognizes the significant financial contributions that migrant workers make to the well-being of their families back home and to the sustainable development of their countries of origin.  I think we had a briefing on this issue earlier this week.

**Louise Arbour

And a couple of things to flag:  at 3 p.m. today, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration, Louise Arbour, will address the 2017 Global Forum on Remittances, Investment and Development, which is taking place here at UN Headquarters.  She will be speaking about the need to showcase positive examples of migrants’ contributions to society at a time when xenophobia and intolerance are rising in many parts of the world.

**Peacekeeping

And our colleagues from the Department of Peacekeeping Operations have asked us to flag that on Monday at 9:30 a.m., there will be a high-level roundtable on the tenth anniversary of the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Standards and the experience in Côte d’Ivoire.  The speakers will include Izumi Nakamitsu, the Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs, as well as other senior officials, and that will be in Conference Room 3, 9:30 a.m., and you are all invited.

**Press Briefings

And on Monday, I will be joined here by Ninette Kelley, the Director of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ New York office.  She will brief you on their annual Global Trends report, which is scheduled to be released on Monday.  And lastly, I will be joined, when we’re done here, by John Ging, the Director of [the Operational Division at the UN Office for the] Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and he will brief you on his recent trip to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the Central African Republic.  I’m done.  Masood?

**Questions and Answers

Question:  On the situation in Doha, Qatar, and the Middle East vis‑à‑vis Saudi sanctions… Saudi and these four countries’ sanctions against Qatar, there are human rights groups and I think the United Nations itself has said the blockade of Qatar is worse than the Berlin Wall.  And can… can you tell us, does the Secretary‑General concur with this?  And would he…?

Spokesman:  I would refer you to the statement, first of all, made by the High Commissioner for Human Rights earlier this week, which I think lays out the human rights implications and potential damage done by the current situation.  For his part, the Secretary‑General has not only been following this closely, he’s been on the phone with various representatives.  He was notably speaking to the Deputy Prime Minister of Kuwait.  He is very supportive of Kuwait’s diplomatic efforts and very much hopes to see a region once again reunited to face the challenges that they all must face together.

Question:  Has he had any talks with the Saudis or any other…?

Spokesman:  I will leave it at that for the time being.  Nizar, then Rosalind, then Matthew.

Question:  Thank you, Stéphane.  There were some reports talking about return of Syrian refugees from Arsal region in eastern Lebanon to Syria.  Is that coordinated with United Nations in any way?

Spokesman:  I will check with our colleagues at UNHCR.  I have not seen those reports.  Rosiland?

Question:  I wanted to go back to the situation within the GCC [Gulf Cooperation Council].  The spill‑on effect appears to be that because both Eritrea and Djibouti decided to side with the Saudis and other members of the GCC by downgrading diplomatic relations, the Qataris notified Djibouti officially that they would be withdrawing their peacekeepers, an operation that they had been running since 2010.  Now it seems that the Eritreans are trying to claim both Dumeira Mountain and Dumeira Island, which are disputed territories, and the Security Council is now looking at this matter.  Is this raising the urgency for resolving the diplomatic row within the GCC given that, the last time that Eritrea and Djibouti didn’t have anyone acting as a mediator, there was a clash and a dozen Djiboutian troops were killed?

Spokesman:  I think, clearly, as you said, this is an example of the spill‑over effect, which, I think, no one needs at this point, to speak bluntly.  The region, the Gulf region, has a lot of issues it has to face — security issues, issues relating to Syria, to Iraq, to other place in the region — all of those should be faced with a common diplomatic front from the region.  The Secretary‑General hopes that this unity can be refound.  We have… on the specific issue, we have received written communications from both Djibouti and Eritrea on this specific issue, and we’re taking a look at it.  And, as you mentioned, my understanding is that the Council may take this up at some point.  Matthew and then Edie.

Question:  Wait, I just have a quick follow‑up, Steph.  Is it alarming that, given that the Security Council worked out this arrangement and that Qatar agreed to carry out this work that, because of what would appear to be unrelated political and diplomatic problems, it just unilaterally decided to withdraw its peacekeepers?

Spokesman:  All of these things are concerning.  All the spill-over effects are concerning to us.  Matthew and then Edie.

Question:  Two questions about the Security Council — Mali and also Haiti.  On Mali, there’s been this kind of roundabout on this held G5 draft where the French ambassador says repeatedly, it will be up to the Secretary‑General, if and when it’s passed, to recommend whether they’ll… assessed contributions should be used for the… for the force.  Since this seems to be a holdup in it… and I’m wondering, has the Secretary‑General had any communications with either the five G5 countries or France about recommending funding for the force?  And what’s his position on it?

Spokesman:  We’re very much aware this is… the resolution itself is being debated in the Security Council.  We’re not going to get in the middle of it.  We will, as always, follow the mandate that is given to us once the Security Council resolution has been passed.  The Secretary‑General has always supported a coordinated approach to this issue by the G5 countries.  He’s said so in the past.  The details of the resolution are being hammered out by the Member States.  As I said, we’re not going to get in the middle of the details of the resolutions.  Once it’s passed, we’ll, obviously, follow the mandate.

Question:  Right.  But I mean, the… the… what the Secretary‑General will… recommends is actually one of the issues in the negotiations.  So, I’m just wondering, is he part of the negotiation?

Spokesman:  The negotiations are being done within the Security Council.

Question:  Okay.  And the other… just, on Haiti, I wanted to ask you this, and it sort of follows up on what you said yesterday.  But, I went back and looked at what Amina Mohammed had said, and it said… you know, she seemed to be saying, very clearly, that that there are no funds for Track 2, and we propose to take a community approach.  And I’m sure you’ve seen a number of advocates — Mario Joseph, other well‑known, long-time Haiti cholera activists — have said this is an outrage, that basically what the Secretary‑General announced, Ban Ki‑moon at the end of his tenure, is being totally rejected, and any… any consultation with the affected communities will take place after this speech by Amina Mohammed.

Spokesman:  I don’t think it’s being rejected.  I think I was asked this question yesterday.  We, obviously, are eagerly awaiting funds.  But, I think… I don’t think there’s been a change.  The challenge for us is the lack of funding.

Question:  But the… the sentence “we propose to take a community approach”, that seems pretty definitive.  That seems like we’re… this is the approach that we’re taking.  Before there were two.  Now there’s one.

Spokesman:  This is the approach that is being taken now.  I think it’s one step at a time, as we had said in the beginning.

Question:  And do you expect… there’s an upcoming visit by the… by the Security Council to Haiti.  Do you expect… I mean, how is the Secretary‑General going to hear from the affected communities, what they believe should happen?

Spokesman:  Well, I think, first of all, through our staff on the ground.  And, as we’ve said, we would be appointing an envoy soon.  Edie Lederer?

Question:  One… one follow‑up on Djibouti and Eritrea and then another question.  A follow‑up on that is:  you said that the UN has received letters from both sides.  There are some reports in the region that Djibouti has filed a complaint with the United Nations.  Can you confirm that?

Spokesman:  No, but I can look into it.

Question:  And, secondly, there… Russia’s Foreign Ministry reported that the head of the Islamic State, Mr. Abu [Bakr] Baghdadi, had been killed in an airstrike.  Does the United Nations have any information about this, any confirm…?

Spokesman:  No, we have no independent confirmation from our end.  And, as you know, we’re not involved first hand in any of the military and security operations.  So, I don’t have any information besides what we’ve read in the media.  Nizar?

Correspondent:  [Off mic] my question to someone else.

Spokesman:  Well, there may not be time later.  Did you have… yes, sorry.  I have not been looking that way.  And then Carmen.

Question:  It’s all right.  Yesterday, it was reported that the Palestinian Authority is asking the… is asking UNESCO’s World Her… Heritage Committee to register the Old City of Hebron, including the Cave of the Patriarchs, as a holy site exclusive to the Palestinians.  Does the Secretary‑General have any comment on…?

Spokesman:  It’s an issue that will be dealt with by UNESCO.  It’s their… and the Member States and their process.  It’s their mandate.  I think, as a general principle, I think the Secretary‑General is very keen to see issues having to do with… critical issues being dealt with in direct negotiations between the parties.  Carmen?

Question:  So, does he… I’m sorry.  So, does the Secretary‑General… is his position to… that there should be direct negotiations between the Palestinians and the Israelis to determine which sites are exclusive to…

Spokesman:  I think I will… I know I will leave it at what I’ve just said.  Thank you.  Carmen?

Question:  Thank you.  The [Donald] Trump Administration has stated that it will keep the relations between Cuba and the United States as President [Barack] Obama set forth, but at the same time, it’s calling on free and fair elections in Cuba and the release of political prisoners, if these relations are to advance.  Any comments in this regard?  How does the Secretary‑General view the call for free and fair elections in Cuba?

Spokesman:  I think on the announcements that we expect by the Trump Administration on Cuba, my understanding is they have not yet taken place.  My daily advice by the… from the Secretary‑General is only to comment on things that have actually happened and not things that will happen.  So, we will wait to see what is actually announced, and then we’ll comment on that.  You wish to speak now, Nizar?

Question:  There were reports that a vessel carrying medicine to Yemen was hit by a rocket recently.  Does the United Nations have any information about this vessel, whether it was really carrying medicine or it was a military vessel?

Spokesman:  I don’t have any information.  Masood?

Question:  Thank you, Stéphane.  Do you have any update, any updates on the plight of the children in Israeli jail?  I mean, I’ve asked that question earlier, but you’ve had no updates or any additional information than that they are incarcerated…

Spokesman:  No, I have no… nothing additional to say than what I’ve said to you before on this issue.

Question:  Are there any efforts to get them released?

Spokesman:  I would refer you back to what I’ve said in the past.  And, of course, the concern as a general rule, the concern for us on… especially on minors or people being held without… on administrative detention, is always one that we’re looking into.  But, for specifics, you could reach out to the High Commissioner for Human Rights or our office on the ground.  Matthew?

Question:  Sure.  Yesterday, I’d asked you about the… the… the proposed work stoppage by the staff in Geneva.  And the… the… the… the message that went from Michael Møller saying it might violate the rules.  It did go forward for two hours.  There’s video of it, which I edited out here in the hall.  And I wanted to know, given now that it’s happened; it’s not a hypothetical one, was the advice by… by the UNHQ [United Nations Headquarters] that such a work stoppage would violate rules?  Did it… did it violate the rules?  They still serviced one of the meetings.

Spokesman:  The guidance we have from our colleagues in Geneva is that they fully acknowledge the right of staff to freedom of association, which is a basic right.  Staff were allowed to meet on the UN… on the premises in Geneva in a non‑disruptive manner.  I think our colleagues in Geneva have acknowledged the dissatisfaction of staff resulting from the issues having to do with the International Civil Service Commission on post adjustments in Geneva.  My understanding is that negotiations are still going on on the implementation of these issues, but we’re all international civil servants, and we need to respect the rules.

Question:  Okay.  And I wanted to ask…  You may have… Somalia… it’s reported that Somalia has asked the head of the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in the country, Richard Trenchard, to leave saying… the quote is “gross unprofessionalism”.  And I’m just wondering…

Spokesman:  Sorry, that were… who?

Question:  FAO.  Somalia is PNG-ing [persona non grata] the head of the FAO and has asked the UN to remove him.  So, I wanted to know, is that the case…?

Spokesman:  I don’t know.  You should check with FAO.

Question:  So, they haven’t asked the UN Secretariat…?

Spokesman:  Well, I mean, that’s an issue that would go to FAO, so you should check with them…

Question:  And is Mr. [Francois Lounçény] Fall… I see that Mr. Fall is going to meet with the Secretary‑General at 5 p.m.  And I know I’d asked you a couple days ago, is there any way that he could make himself even briefly available for questions on Cameroon, Gabon, things that he covers?

Spokesman:  We can try.  Okay.  Yes, and then we’ll go to our guest.

Question:  Mr. Dujarric, I… I… I must bring up this issue once again.  In 2015, UNESCO did pass a resolution that did state that… that the Cave of the Patriarchs and Rachel’s Tombs and… going as far as the Western Walls thing, that they are exclusive… exclusively Islamic sites and not connected to… in any part, to… to… to Israel or Judaism.  I mean, does this benefit… or does this help…?

Spokesman:  It’s so nice.  You can put that louder.  Most phone rings I hate.  That one you can put louder.  Couple of things.  First, on the UNESCO… the specific one you mentioned, the vote… the discussion has not… the decision has not yet been taken.  So, referring back to what your colleague Carmen asked, I’m not going to comment specifically on something that has yet to happen.  The Secretary‑General believes that key issues between Israel and Palestinians need to be dealt with in direct negotiations.  He has also come out very strongly when the UNESCO resolution passed in Paris, reaffirming his belief, reaffirming as a fact that Jerusalem is a holy site to three monotheistic religions.  And I think he was, frankly, criticized by some for the stance he took on that resolution.  So, I would refer you back to what we said at the time.   All right?  I’ll go get… one more.  Then I’ll go get our guest.

Question:  I just wonder if the Secretary‑General has any reaction to the death of Helmut Kohl, who has just been confirmed?

Spokesman:  We expect to have a more formal statement later, but I know that the Secretary‑General is very saddened to hear of Helmut Kohl’s passing.  He was a personal friend of the Secretary‑General.  I think it’s clear for all to see the… Mr. Kohl’s historic role in the reunification of Germany just a year or so after the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the historic path he took Europe on by shepherding so well the reunification of Germany.  But, as I said, we’ll have a fuller statement later.  Thank you.  [He later issued the following statement:  The Secretary-General learned with great sadness of the passing of former Chancellor of Germany, Mr. Helmut Kohl.  Mr. Kohl was modern Germany’s longest-serving chancellor.  He played an instrumental role in the peaceful reunification of his country, within a year of the fall of the Berlin Wall, and helped set a course for the historic process of Europe’s political and economic integration.  Today’s Europe is a product of his vision and his tenacity, in the face of enormous obstacles.  The Secretary-General extends his condolences to Mr. Kohl’s family and to the Government and people of Germany.]

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