Cameroun : Rapport de situation, 4 oct. 2022

Far North Region Situation Report (August 1-31, 2022).

• About 3,836 households (22,776 people) are affected by the floods in the departments of Mayo-Danay and Logone and Chari.

• Approximately 1,281 new households (10,607 people) newly displaced due to insecurity in Mayo-Tsanaga and Logone et Chari

• More than 130 agents of the defense and security forces were sensitized within the framework of civil-military coordination in the North and Far North regions.


Humanitarian context

The rainy season which started in June 2022 intensified in August with heavy rainfall recorded across the region, causing flooding in around twenty localities in the departments of Logone and Chari and Mayo-Danay. As of August 31, more than 3,836 households (22,776 people) have been affected in these two departments. The provisional report shows two people dead, 5,443 destroyed shelters, more than 1,500 hectares of flooded fields, approximately 2,700 animals dead or washed away by the waters, around ten flooded schools, as well as more than 200 latrines and 20 flooded water points. Affected households have been settled with host families, in schools or in makeshift shelters, and generally live in precarious conditions, with limited access to basic social services. Continued rains and rising rivers could cause the dikes to break along the Logone River and Lake Maga, which would cause the waters to rise in the localities along the river.

Actions have been taken by the local authorities, with the support of the Directorate of Civil Protection and Red Cross volunteers, with a view to assisting the affected populations. They include in particular the evacuation of affected people in flooded areas, the provision of empty bags and other materials for the construction of bunds, and shelter assistance to affected households. The humanitarian community, in particular through the flood response preparation and management unit activated in April 2022, is monitoring the situation in close collaboration with the authorities. Assessments have been completed in some affected areas, and others are ongoing. Consultations are also underway within the humanitarian community to support the actions of the authorities.

The floods also significantly impact access through the region, due to the deterioration of roads and tracks. The situation is particularly problematic in Logone and Chari where the activities of humanitarian workers are slowed down in the districts of Makari, Fotokol, Blangoua, Zina and Logone Birni. The movements of humanitarian actors between Maroua and Kousseri have become more difficult because, not only because of the advanced deterioration of national road number 1, but also of the alternative road Maroua-Bongor (Chad) – Datcheka – Kousseri adopted by the UN agencies and several other humanitarian actors. On this last axis, the Fianga-Datcheka section (on Chadian territory) has become difficult to pass through, and the situation could deteriorate.

The security context in the region remained marked by the persistence of incidents linked to the presence and activities of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) in the border area with Nigeria and Chad. Incursions by armed men, accompanied by murders and kidnappings of civilians as well as looting of property of the population, continued to be reported in several localities of the departments of Mayo-Tsanaga, Mayo-Sava and Logone and Chari, as well as operations by the security forces (FDS) against the NSAGs. Following this recurrence of incidents, 1,281 new displaced households (10,607 people) were registered in August 2022, including 788 households (6,508 people) in the districts of Koza and Mayo-Moskota, in Mayo-Tsanaga, and 493 households (4,099 people) in the district of Hilé-Alifa in Logone and Chari. This brings to 26,526 the number of people displaced by insecurity since the beginning of the year. The partners are continuing to provide humanitarian assistance to these newly displaced people through the usual humanitarian mechanisms.