Cameroon: Far North, Logone and Chari, Mayo Danay Floods, Situation Report No. 01

ESSENTIAL FACTS

More than 40,000 people are directly affected by the floods in the districts of Zina (Logone and Chari), Maga and Kai Kai (Mayo Dany)

At least 60 villages out of a total of 110 are affected in the district of Zina with 2,319 households (19,359 people) affected.

15 villages are affected in the KaA� KaA� district and 16,215 people are affected.

Pendular movements of displaced persons continue on October 15 from Arab Mother, Mother Kotoko, Ngoudougouli, Sakim and Karam North Zina district.

The priority needs concern access to health care, drinking water, hygiene, shelter and basic necessities.

The impact on future harvests will be very severe in the coming weeks.

Access to affected populations is very difficult, mainly by river

HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT

On 28 September 2019 the towns along the Logone River, east of the Logone Department (Zina District) and south of Maga Lake (KaA� KaA� District Mayo Danay Department) have been flooded due to the sudden rise of the waters of the Logone River, aggravated by the rupture of several community dikes. The flood has caused extensive damage to public infrastructure and habitats and forced more than 20,000 people to abandon their homes. According to administrative sources, a total of more than 40,000 people would be affected, but with varying levels of vulnerability. At least 60 out of 110 villages in the Zina district are affected with 2,319 households (19,359 people) affected. More than three thousand people (384 households) have found refuge on the narrow dike of Sara Sara 5 kilometers from Zina. The city of Maga is also partially affected by the floods (total pop 35,000 people). More than 20 villages in Kai Kai District (Mayo Danay Department) are affected with 866 households (5,196 people affected). At least two shelter sites have been identified in the vicinity of Kai Kai where 260 households (about 1500 people) are in acute distress. As of October 15, pendular movements of populations are still reported between the localities of Yare Kalkoussam and Arab Mother, Mother Kotoko, Ngoudougouli, Sakim and North Karam. The majority of these moving families are pastoralists and are relocating their livestock to Logone Birni.

Taking into account immediate risks, priority needs identified are health, water and sanitation, shelter and basic necessities. Isolated populations on dikes or non flooded land do not have access to drinking water, no latrines, no shelter and have lost all or part of their property. The risk of spreading water related diseases is increasing, including the increase in cases of malaria. Many water points and boreholes are submerged. At least three health centers are no longer functional in the Zina health district and many schools are closed or very difficult to access (44 schools at least severely affected).

Difficult to assess at this stage, the impact of the floods on food security is likely to be very severe as the millet and rice fields have been submerged (it is estimated that more than 47,000 hectares of destroyed crops in the Zina district only ) only a few weeks before the harvest period. The fields are totally flooded and can lead to a crop loss at the end of the season. The granaries are empty, the essential commodities in this period of welding being carried away by the flood. Hundreds of cattle heads perished during the flood, and pasture areas are reduced to emerged islands. Food markets are no longer functional (community stores have been looted and food remains washed away and wet, and therefore irrecoverable for others).

Several risks remain to be assessed, particularly in terms of protection in a context of increased vulnerability and where community tissues are very degraded with the dispersion of victims. Floods have been recurrent in this region at the end of the rainy season for decades with known structural causes that are still prevalent today. The exceptional rainfall since May 2019 has also caused the rupture of many community dikes. As a result, the floods have reached a higher emergency level, as they have also affected the communities that have traditionally hosted disaster victims every year.

Access to the affected populations of Zina (Logone and Chari) and Maga / Kai Kai (Mayo Danay) is impossible by land in this season. To reach Zina, four hours of road with many passages at risk of stagnation are necessary to reach the city of Logone Birni. You must then take the waterways aboard pinasses or canoes to reach Zina center after five hours of navigation (perhaps less depending on the capacity of the boat used). Further south in the Mayo Danay Department, Maga is accessible by land in less than three hours after 72 hours without rain. You then have to take the sea route to reach Kai Kai (2 hours of navigation) and the surrounding villages most affected by the floods. From Yagoua to KaA� KaA� the use of Jeep 4X4 cars is recommended, again after 72 hours without rain. OCHA contacted the administrative authorities in Kousseri (Logone and Chari) and Yagoua (Mayo Danay) as well as the region’s firefighters to set up a partnership for the response.

Firefighters have indeed adapted speedboats (six based in Kousseri / two based in Maroua) that could also be used to transport goods and humanitarian personnel in the affected areas. They also have at their disposal, based in Maroua, mobile autonomous water purification equipment and a tank of 15,000 liters.

A multisectoral response is in progress. The Cameroonian Red Cross, supported by the FIU, has set up mobile clinics in canoes around Zina. They also provide some wash supplies. Solidarites mobilized resources within the framework of the startfund for cash transfer activities in the zones of Zina and Kai Kai in partnership with local NGOs APA and ACDC very present in the zone. Cash transfers in the form of multipurpose coupons) will target 1,500 households in the Zina district.

The RRM (PremiAre Urgence / ACF) is conducting a multi sectoral assessment (MSA) in the Zina district to set up a response. Members of the WASH sector are very engaged and UNICEF has mobilized hygiene kits and WASH kits. IRC is scheduled to conduct an assessment in the Zina district on October 15th and 16th. Intersos has deployed a protection team to Logone Birni and Zina where new arrivals from the Zina district are reported. WHO is putting in place extraordinary support for the Maga Health District (covering the Kai Kai CMA) and Zina. WFP is preparing a transfer of nutritional input to Maga and Kai Kai. Other actors (NRC, Plan, ..) are in standby to intervene and support the answer.

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

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