Burkina Faso – Research Brief – Migrant Debt – West and Central Africa (November 2020)

This research study is part of the « Safety, Support and Solutions along the Central Mediterranean Route » programme, funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), whose Outcome 3 aims to improve governments, humanitarian agencies and national organizations’ understanding on migration trends in order to formulate responses tailored to the needs of the populations. Between 2018 and 2020, the programme’s Outcome 3 has enabled short-term research studies to be conducted in six countries in West and Central Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Senegal, The Gambia and Côte d’Ivoire).
INTRODUCTION
More than 3,000 Burkinabe returned to Burkina Faso between January 2017 and July 2020 through IOM’s Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme. However, reports on the socio-demographic profiles of return communities published by IOM in 2018 revealed that the level of debt of return migrants has a significant impact on reintegration processes. To better understand this impact, IOM conducted a study in Burkina Faso which aimed at:
• Developing the profile of returning migrants with debts;
• Understanding the mechanisms by which returning migrants accumulate debts and at which stages along the migration routes, and which actors are involved in the process;
• Assessing the impact of debt on the reintegration process of Burkinabe returnees in their communities of origin.

Source: International Organization for Migration

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