Answer – VP/HR – Forced repatriation to Nigeria – E-002458/2017

The Boko Haram insurgency has displaced almost 2.5 million people in the affected areas of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. 164 000 Nigerian refugees have fled to neighbouring countries and 85 000 of them to Cameroon.

The EU encourages enhanced cooperation between the countries facing this common threat. To this end, the EU supports the Multinational Joint Task force with a EUR 50 million contribution and is the first provider of humanitarian assistance to the internally displaced persons and refugees. Moreover, a project aiming at improving border management and civil protection in the Far North of Cameroon is ongoing.

In line with United Nations Security Council Resolution 2349 (2017) on the Lake Chad Basin, the EU encourages cooperation among the affected countries. It is a coordinated effort which must act on several fronts:

Addressing the humanitarian needs, in full respect of international humanitarian principles. The EU reminds the Government of Cameroon on every appropriate occasion of the need to respect its international obligations, especially their duty to repatriate refugees only on a voluntary basis, in line with the Tripartite Agreement between Nigeria, Cameroon and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees of 2 March 2017.
Addressing the causes of radicalisation and violent extremism by bringing back functioning basic social and state services, creating opportunities for livelihoods and income-generation and ensure functioning local governance.
Supporting the countries’ efforts in eradicating the threat of Boko Haram by disarming and demobilising Boko Haram and other armed groups who threaten the security of the region, equally with full respect of human rights and supporting rehabilitation and re-integration initiatives.

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