In Central African Republic, Pope Francis calls for peace among Christian, Muslim communities – UN

30 November 2015 – The United Nations brought in 250 additional peacekeepers from Côte d’Ivoire over and above those already stationed in the Central African Republic (CAR) to help the authorities provide security for Pope Francis’s two-day visit to Bangui, the war-ravaged country’s capital.

As well as bringing in the special unit, which will remain for another eight weeks, the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in CAR (INUSCA) also helped build the pope-mobile that Francis used during his visit, which ended today.

In a statement, MINUSCA said it was pleased to see that the Pope delivered messages of peace and reconciliation to members of the Christian and Muslim communities including victims of violence in a country that has been torn apart by more than two years of fighting between the mainly Muslim Séléka group and the mainly Christian anti-Balaka movement.

The Pope ended his trip this morning with a visit to the mosque in a Muslim enclave known PK5, where he called for peace between Christians and Muslims, after which crowds followed him to the Bangui Stadium where he officiated a mass.

Last week, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) called on the warring groups to use the visit to rebuild national reconciliation after renewed violence since September triggered an 18 per cent increase in internally displaced persons (IDPs) to 447,500.

Hundreds of thousands more are estimated to have fled abroad in the fighting, which has killed thousands since it first erupted in early 2013.

MINUSCA, set up in April 2014 to help restore stability peace after a breakdown of governmental authority, currently maintains nearly 11,000 uniformed personnel in the country.

Also today MINUSCA announced that its Force Commander, Major General Martin Chuma Tumenta of Cameroon, passed away. He had been on medical leave for the past month back home.

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Cop’21: President Paul Biya participates

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The Presidential couple of Cameroon, His Excellency Paul Biya and Wife Madame Chantal Biya are presently in Paris-France for a World Conference on Climate, COP’21.

The UN conference that opens this Monday 30th November with some 150 monarchs, Heads of State and government officials in attendance is expected to design concrete solutions that will help redress environmental issues plaguing the world.

Cameroon’s participation in Climate Change summits like the ongoing summit in North of France has been glairing since the 1992, Rio de Janeiro world summit

Cameroon’s President, Paul Biya has been devoted to climate change, but more importantly his steadfast commitment to seeing the climate change issue properly addressed through numerous and pertinent declarations has been a preoccupation.

At the 60th session of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2005 in New York, Paul Biya renewed his commitment to fight climate change through a plea for the introduction of meaningful policies that will protect the environment and the Congo basin.

The stakes for Cameroon and world leaders in Paris will be to see how far the world has gone with the decision to contain global warming at the maximum 2°celsius as prescribed at the Copenhagen summit of 2009.

The Paris Summit that runs from November 30 to December 11, 2015 will be a platform for the 150 participants to draft a document that will be a manual to the world at a time climate change has become a cry for all.

For the next eleven days these world leaders meeting at Le Bourget in the north of Paris will discuss environment and terrorism understandably due to the recent terrorists attacks in Paris-France amongst others.


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Martin Tumenta Chomu, le général de brigade commandant la Minusca, est décédé aux Etats-Unis

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Commandant de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée de stabilisation des Nations unies en République centrafricaine (Minusca) depuis le 15 septembre 2014, le général de brigade camerounais, Martin Tumenta Chomu, est décédé dans un hôpital aux Etats-Unis dans la nuit du dimanche 29 au lundi 30 novembre 2015, a-t-on appris de bonnes sources.

Martin Tumenta ChomuMartin Tumenta ChomuLa semaine dernière, alors que certaines sources l’annonçaient effectivement malade et en évacuation sanitaire au pays de l’Oncle Sam, des journaux locaux avaient plutôt annoncé la désertion de ce parachutiste de son poste à Bangui, la capitale centrafricaine, qu’il avait dû quitter discrètement quelques jours auparavant. Les tenants de cette thèse excipaient alors des problèmes d’éthique professionnelle auxquels auraient été confronté le général dans le cadre de sa mission en RCA.

Avant de recevoir la confiance de l’ONU pour le maintien de la paix en RCA, le général Tumenta a d’abord été, du 19 décembre 2013 au 15 septembre 2014, le Commandant de la composante militaire de la Mission internationale de soutien à la Centrafrique (Misca). Diplômé de l’Ecole militaire interarmées (Emia) au Cameroun, breveté de l’école de guerre en France, de l’école de maintien de la paix d’Egypte et instructeur parachutiste, le général Tumenta a occupé les fonctions de Commandant de région militaire et bien d’autres fonctions importantes au sein de l’armée camerounaise avant son départ pour la Misca.

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Cameroun : hausse de 68,51% des droits de transit du pétrole tchadien

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Les droits de transit du pétrole tchadien ont généré des revenus de l’ordre de 29,54 milliards FCFA pour le Cameroun entre le 1er janvier et le 31 octobre 2015, soit une hausse de 68,51% par rapport à la même période l’année d’avant, selon un communiqué de la Société nationale des hydrocarbures (SHN).

S’agissant de l’exploitation du pipeline Tchad-Cameroun, 38,56 millions de barils ont été enlevés au terminal camerounais de Komé-Kribi sur la période considérée pour une hausse de 39,91 millions de barils.

La hausse des droits de transit du pétrole tchadien, note-t-on, fait suite à la revalorisation de ceux-ci intervenue le 29 octobre 2013 et qui a fait passer la redevance de 195 à 618 FCFA le baril de brut.

Ainsi, en un peu plus de 10 ans de fonctionnement, les droits de transit du pipeline Tchad-Cameroun ont rapporté quelque 259,14 milliards FCFA au 2ème pays cité.

Long de 1070 kilomètres, cet oléoduc Tchad-Cameroun part des champs pétrolifères de Doba pour traverser le territoire camerounais sur près de 890 kilomètres, de la frontière nord-est avec le Tchad jusqu’au terminal de Komé-Kribi.

Deux sociétés, la Cameroon Oil Transportation Company (COTCO) et la Tchad Oil Transportation Company (TOTCO), qui constituent par ailleurs le Comité de pilotage et de suivi, sont respectivement propriétaires des tronçons situés de part et d’autre de la frontière dont elles assurent la construction, l’exploitation et l’entretien.


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Agreement with TechExpress Expands Ergotron Product Availability in South Africa

AMERSFOORT, Netherlands, Nov. 30, 2015 /PRNewswire — Ergotron, a leader in the sit-stand movement and global provider of ergonomic work and lifestyle products, announces TechExpress, a distributor of IT equipment and logistic requirements in South Africa, is now offering Ergotron’s full line of products for the office, healthcare and education markets. “TechExpress is a value-add distributor. We […]

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The African designer who doesn’t want to use Africa as a ‘gimmick’

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(CNN)Fashion designer Chi Atanga is comfortable with an identity as a global African.

Based in Portugal and Cameroonian-British by background, he is currently in the U.S. looking for investment and sounding out potential markets. African-American communities are emerging consumers of music, movies and fashion from the continent, he says, and he hopes to ride the wave with a clothing brand that reflects his heritage.

For the time being, however, his Walls of Benin brand will be manufactured in Europe. His first line will be produced in Porto, Portugal, where he has access to a skilled workforce, reliable infrastructure and support from the European Union — all prerequisites for building a competitive fashion business which are still missing from most Sub-Saharan African markets.

“Personally I’m drawn to Cameroon and to West Africa,” Atanga says, “but private enterprise is difficult in Cameroon.”

On the World Bank’s 2016 ‘Doing Business’ ranking, Cameroon placed 172 out of 189 countries, scoring particularly badly on the ease of trading across borders. Expensive electricity connections and poor transport infrastructure add huge amounts of cost to manufacturing businesses in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, meaning that they often struggle to compete with businesses in other regions.

Fashion, along with other creative sectors, could be one way to overcome these barriers, as demand for unique designs and intellectual property from Africa increases.

The power of enterprise

Atanga insists that he believes in the power of enterprise as a way to bring people out of poverty, and in the need to move African economies up commercial value chains and away from simply exporting raw materials. But to have that impact, he says, his company would need to be large enough and robust enough to overcome the challenges that most of the continent’s economies present.

“We don’t want to use Africa as a gimmick,” he says. “We need to have scale, we need to have a name and a reputation.”

Investors in the U.S. have shown some interest, and Atanga is hoping to fund his first line through a crowdfunding campaign in December. After that, he will look again at finding a base in Africa. Rather than the west of the continent, he believes that Rwanda and Ethiopia, both of which have created ‘special economic zones’ that offer tax breaks for light manufacturing businesses.

Ethiopia in particular has made a strong play for textiles and garments manufacturers, building the infrastructure — in partnership with Chinese companies — to host factories making shoes and clothes for major international brands. The country hopes that increasing costs in Asian markets will make its relatively inexpensive labor force an attractive prospect.

Fashion faces challenges

African SMEs working in fashion face the same challenges as most other enterprises across the continent, according to Vanessa Erogbogbo, who works with a number of fashion and textile entrepreneurs in Ethiopia as the manager of the International Trade Center’s Women and Trade program.

Entrepreneurs — particularly women — often struggle to access finance to grow and access international markets. Erogbogbo advises the women that she works with to focus on unique, niche products that can differentiate them from their international competition.

“When we look at fashion and textiles and garments, the buyers are prescriptive, they want you to show them something that would interest them. You have to be quite creative,” she says.

The small-scale, women-owned companies that Erogbogbo works with have added appeal to conscious consumers, who care that the products contribute to better livelihoods in their country of origin. Proving the provenance of African products is important, but perhaps more so is creating new and original designs, she says.

“There’s a huge amount of interest. The stuff that these companies are creating is stunning, stunning, stunning, and consumers are always looking for new things.”


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Le Franc CFA et l’Euro contre l’AFRIQUE [+vidéo]

M. AGBOHOU Nicolas, natif de la Côte d’Ivoire, est titulaire de la Maîtrise d’Economie appliquée, du D.E.S.S. de Gestion de Paris l Sorbonne et du Doctorat en Science Politique.

Précédemment professeur de gestion à l’Institut National Polytechnique de Yamoussoukro (Côte d’Ivoire), M. AGBOHOU est actuellement professeur associé à l’Institut Cheikh Anta DIOP de l’Université du Gabon. Il enseigne les Sciences et Techniques économiques en France.

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Inside The Controversial Skin-Bleaching Phenomenon [+VIDEO]

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With names like “Skin So White,” “White Perfect,” and “White and Lovely,” skin bleaching creams are becoming a popular — and controversial — part of many women’s beauty routines. While skin lighteners may be used by different people for different reasons, this clip from the documentary “Light Girls,” which premiered on OWN, focuses on women who apply a chemical agent over their entire face and body in hopes of going from a dark skin tone to a lighter one.

Dr. Margaret Hunter, head of the Sociology Department at Mills College, has seen the popularity of bleaching creams surge in recent years. “Skin bleaching is a growing phenomenon around the world and it’s becoming a bigger business,” she says. “Now it’s a multi-billion dollar business and all the biggest cosmetic companies sell products that are supposed to lighten your skin.”

While you won’t find many products in the U.S. that blatantly promise to bleach or whiten skin, Dr. Hunter says they are commonplace in other parts of the world. “They’re popular throughout many African countries, the Caribbean, Latin America, the Middle East, India, Philippines, Japan — broadly,” she says.

Some women are willing to do whatever it takes to achieve a lighter complexion. “What’s also terrifying is that we’ve yet to see a product that makes you look lighter and look good, and human,” says columnist Jamilah Lemieux. “And that people are willing to walk around looking like aliens — like some ghastly creature from a Steven Spielberg movie … they prefer that over their God-given color,” she says in disbelief.

Cosmetic surgeon Dr. Michael Jones reiterates that lightening agents are meant to be used on small areas, not the entire body. He says he sees patients on a weekly basis who want to lighten only a small skin lesion or a specific dark mark. “And in those cases, we say, ‘Hey, yes, we can help you and we will give you a lightening agent that will help to affect an improvement on your overall appearance,” he says. “But we don’t want you to use this product all over your face, all over your body.’”

While some women would do anything for lighter skin, others wish for just the opposite. Many women came forward in “Light Girls” to share the shame and anguish they felt growing up as light skinned African American women. In the above video, one of those women shares the emotional and physical damage she suffered just to feel accepted by her peers.

“I began to believe the criticism and I started to hate my complexion, so what I started doing was tanning a lot,” she says. “Over the years of excessive tanning I developed a skin damage called melasma.” She points out the dark patches on her forehead and the dark marks above her lips. “As a result, I now have to use expense laser treatment and bleaching creams to fade away the dark spots,” she says.

“I find it ironic that now, in hindsight, trying to be accepted to change my complexion with excessive tanning, that I now have to seek therapy to change the complexion of my skin.”

Huffington Post

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Le Président Paul BIYA est arrivé à Paris pour la COP21

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Le Président de la République du Cameroun est arrivé à Paris ce samedi, 28 novembre 2015, en début de soirée, accompagné de son Epouse, Mme Chantal BIYA, pour prendre part  à la Rencontre de Haut Niveau des Chefs d’Etat et de Gouvernement de la 21ème Conférence des Parties à la Convention-Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques (COP21), prévue dans la capitale française le 30 novembre 2015.

Le Couple présidentiel a été accueilli à l’Aéroport d’Orly par le Chargé d’affaires a.i. de l’Ambassade du Cameroun en France, Jean Joseph ATANGANA, les membres de la Suite Officielle, le personnel de l’Ambassade du Cameroun en France, le Président de la section RDPC France-Nord et des officiels français.

Comme tous les autres 150 Chefs d’Etat et de Gouvernement attendus à ce grand événement diplomatique sur le climat, le Chef de l’Etat camerounais sera officiellement accueilli, le lundi 30 novembre 2015 au Centre de conférence de Paris-Le Bourget, par le Président de la République française, S.E. François HOLLANDE, et le Secrétaire Général de l’ONU, M. BAN KI-MOON, lors de l’ouverture de la COP21.

La participation du Président Paul BIYA à la COP21 traduit l’engagement constant du Cameroun dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques. Sa prise de parole, très attendue, dans l’après-midi du lundi 30 novembre 2015, sera sans doute

une occasion pour le Chef de l’Etat de réitérer la position du Cameroun sur cette question qui met en jeu la survie de l’espèce humaine.

Le Président Paul BIYA a toujours plaidé pour une mobilisation générale et urgente de tous et de chacun face aux conséquences néfastes du réchauffement climatique. Il est en effet convaincu que le caractère global des changements climatiques requiert des solutions elles aussi globales.

Dans sa Contribution qui sera présentée à la COP 21,  le Cameroun s’engage à réduire de 32% ses émissions de gaz à effet de serre d’ici à  2035.

Pour parvenir à ce résultat, qui  représente un effort significatif pour un pays dont les émissions sont insignifiantes à l’échelon international, le Cameroun compte sur le soutien de la communauté internationale sous forme de financement, de renforcement des capacités et de transfert de technologies pouvant à la fois favoriser le développement et sauvegarder l’environnement.

Car pour le Chef de l’Etat, la lutte contre les changements climatiques doit être compatible avec les exigences du développement des pays du Sud.


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Lorient met fin à la bonne série d’Ajaccio; Moukandjo en tête du classement des buteurs [+vidéo]

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Le FC Lorient obtient un nul (1-1) sur la pelouse du Gazelec à Ajaccio, au terme d’un match enlevé. Le Merlu Benjamin Moukandjo prend la tête du classement des buteurs de la L1.

Le GFC Ajaccio a mis fin à sa série de victoires, n’obtenant pas mieux que le nul (1-1) face au FC Lorient au cours d’un match enlevé au stade Ange Casanova samedi soir, lors de la 15e journée de Ligue 1.

Les Corses, qui totalisaient quatre victoires d’affilée, ont buté sur une équipe lorientaise particulièrement coriace et doivent se contenter du partage des points à domicile.

Entre le Gazélec, en forme ces derniers temps, et Lorient, adepte du beau jeu, le débat s’est déroulé sur un très bon rythme. Pas de round d’observation dans cette rencontre où les deux équipes démarraient pied au plancher.

Les Ajacciens prenaient le jeu aux Merlus et ouvraient le score par le milieu tunisien Mohamed Larbi, seul au milieu de la défense bretonne à la suite d’un ballon dévié par Filippi (18).

Les Morbihannais, développant leur jeu fait de passes courtes et de redoublements, s’approchaient à leur tour, peu à peu, du but de Goda. Sur un corner de Jouffre, Sylla touchait le ballon de la main à la suite d’un cafouillage. L’arbitre désignait le point de penalty et l’attaquant camerounais Benjamin Moukandjo exécutait la sentence, reprenant du coup les commandes du classement des buteurs de L1 (31, s.p.). Le match s’équilibrait ensuite jusqu’à la pause.

Dès le retour des vestiaires, Ajaccio se créait la première opportunité par Larbi, toujours, mais Lorient tentait de prendre le contrôle des opérations et répliquait par Ndong, dont le tir était toutefois repoussé par Goda (50).

Mais dans un match décidément emballé, les Corses se reprenaient. Si la rencontre s’équilibrait, il est évident que les deux formations ne se satisfaisaient pas du partage des points. Le Gazélec appuyait sur l’accélérateur et manquait, coup sur coup, deux belles occasions par Larbi dont le tir était contré par son coéquipier Boutaïb (69) et ce même Boutaïb qui n’exploitait pas un bon service de Zoua (73).

Malgré une dernière tentative de Dia dans le temps additionnel, le score en restait là.


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APC and the National Question – Herdsmen, Biafrans, Niger Deltans and Other Insurgents [opinion]

Compared to the PDP, the failure of the APC to produce a clearly articulated position and programme on the national question is more pathetic. This is because there are many politicians in the APC, especially in the western part of the country, who made ‘resolving’ the ‘national question’ and ‘true’ federalism as they put it in…

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At least 6 killed in two suicide bomb blasts in Cameroon

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YAOUNDE, Nov. 28 (Xinhua) — At least six people were killed in two suicide bomb blasts in Cameroon’s Far North Region on Saturday, a military source who requested anonymity told Xinhua.

A female suicide bomber detonated a bomb in a residential area in Dabanga town in Far North Region at 5-6 p.m. local time, killing herself and three civilians, injuring many others, said the source.

The explosion was followed by another suicide bomb blast in the same town at a security post, killing the bomber and a soldier, said the source, adding another soldier was seriously injured.

The source, who had told Xinhua 17 people were killed immediately following the blast, said only six people were confirmed dead so far.

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Deux attentats suicides au Cameroun

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Deux attentats suicides conjoints, attribués au groupe islamiste Boko Haram, ont fait au moins cinq morts samedi dans un village du nord du Cameroun, a-t-on appris de sources proches des autorités.

S’exprimant sous couvert d’anonymat, un haut responsable gouvernemental a indiqué que le bilan, encore provisoire, était de “sept morts, dont les deux kamikazes”. “Deux soldats ont également été blessés”, a-t-il ajouté.

Le nord du Cameroun est fréquemment le théâtre d’attaques menées par Boko Haram, dont la présence, d’abord cantonnée au Nigeria, s’est étendue aux Etats voisins, également au Niger et au Tchad.

Le mouvement armé a revendiqué samedi l’attentat suicide qui a fait au moins 21 morts la veille dans le nord du Nigeria, rapporte l’agence SITE, qui surveille les communications sur internet. L’attaque a visé une procession de musulmans chiites dans l’Etat de Kano.


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Mbalmayo, un présumé homosexuel placé sous mandat de dépôt

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© Samedi 28 Novembre 2015- Un jeune homme, soupçonner de pratiquer l’homosexualité, a été placé sous mandat de dépôt cette semaine, à la prison de Mbalmayo, apprend KOACI ce vendredi, de témoignages concordants.

Un jeune homme dénommé Amougou, dont l’âge varie entre 25 et 30 ans, trainé de force au commissariat par un taximan, après une tentative de séduction ratée, a été conduit devant le procureur, puis placé sous mandat de dépôt à la prison de Mbalmayo, localité située dans le département du Nyong-et-So, à une cinquantaine de km de Yaoundé, rapporte Elong.

Un autre témoin de la scène, Abena Ahanda, rapporte que, les agents de la police ont indiqué avoir découvert chez le présumé homosexuel, des soutiens gorges, des perruques, des robes de femmes, et des lubrifiants qu’il utilise pour « sodomiser les jeunes garçons ».

Selon d’autres témoignages, le présumé homosexuel, opère comme un travesti. «Il travaille en soirée. Dès la nuit tombée, il s’habille en femme. Il s’attaque aux hommes principalement les jeunes, il change sa voix et se fait passer pour une femme », ajoutent au cours de l’échange deux autres témoins qui ont refusé d’être cités.

L’homosexualité reste un délit puni par le Code pénal camerounais en son article 347 bis, « est puni d’un emprisonnement de six (6) mois à cinq (5) ans et d’une amende de vingt (20) mille à deux cents (200 000) mille Francs CFA, toute personne qui a des rapports sexuels avec une personne de son sexe ».

En janvier 2014, Issa Tchiroma Bakary, le ministre camerounais de la Communication et porte-parole du gouvernement, déclarait qu’il « n’existe aucun acharnement contre les homosexuels au Cameroun ».

Pourtant, certains témoignages reçus par KOACI, font savoir que de nombreux présumés homosexuels, sont conduits en prison, sur simple dénonciation.

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L ‘armée camerounaise fait échec aux attaques de Boko Haram

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Les forces de défense et de sécurité du Cameroun ont fait échec à plusieurs assauts de la secte terroriste nigériane Boko Haram, dont des éléments ont tentés de pénétrer dans le territoire camerounais, a appris samedi APA de sources sécuritaires.

Une riposte vigoureuse de l’armée camerounaise qui a entraîné la mort d’une dizaine de combattants obscurantistes.

D’après les mêmes sources, ces victoires de l’armée camerounaise sont à mettre à l’actif de la réorganisation intervenue au sein de l’armée, notamment avec le déploiement depuis quelques jours des éléments du secteur n°1 de la Force multinationale mixte (FMM), du secteur N°1, basée à Mora dans la région de l’Extrême-nord du pays.

« Les patrouilles de reconnaissance sont intensifiées sur l’axe Bonderie-Limanie, reconnu très dangereux à cause des mines que les combattants de Boko Haram apposent presque partout sur le chemin », a-t-on appris.

D’après notre source, cette unité qui vient de bénéficier d’une dotation en matériels roulants de pointe spécialisés et adaptés dans la détection des mines, est en train d’assainir le secteur.
Après avoir infligé les lourdes pertes à l’ennemi, l’armée qui est en alerte maximum redoute des attaques suicides, notamment pendant le week-end, où se tiennent beaucoup de marchés périodiques dans la région.


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Fitch Affirms Cameroon at ‘B’; Outlook Stable

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(Reuters – The following statement was released by the rating agency) LONDON, November 27 (Fitch) Fitch Ratings has affirmed Cameroon’s Long-term foreign and local currency Issuer Default Ratings (IDR) at ‘B’. The Outlooks are Stable. The Short-term foreign currency IDR has been affirmed at ‘B’.

Fitch has also affirmed the Country Ceiling for Cameroon at ‘BBB-‘, in line with the Country Ceiling for the Communaute Economique et Monetaire d’Afrique Centrale (CEMAC) . Fitch has assigned Cameroon’s USD-denominated bonds maturing in November 2025 a rating of ‘B’, in line with the Long-term foreign currency IDR.

The issue rating is sensitive to any changes in Cameroon’s Long-term foreign currency IDR. KEY RATING DRIVERS Cameroon’s ‘B’ ratings are constrained by low income per capita and structural weaknesses, including governance and political risks, while drawing support from macroeconomic stability and membership of the franc zone of the CEMAC. This assures currency convertibility and reduces foreign exchange liquidity risks.

Cameroon has continued to deliver robust growth with Fitch expecting real GDP to grow by around 5.5% over 2015 to 2017. Large public investments, including in electricity provision and basic infrastructure (roads, communications networks, ports, dams, and housing) will benefit the economy, alleviating some of the structural bottlenecks that weigh on growth potential. The diversified economy has proven more resilient to shocks than its oil-producing peers.

Oil accounts for less than 10% of GDP, but while oil production is currently rising, it is not a medium-term growth driver. Current investment and exploration, notably in the offshore Kribi/Campo oilfield, could indicate further potential growth in oil production. Recurring and growing twin deficits and limited local market financing capacity are projected by Fitch to result in an increase in external non-concessional borrowing, weakening Cameroon’s relatively favourable external sector and public finance profiles vs. the ‘B’ median peer category.

Fitch forecasts a rise in net external debt-to-GDP to 18.3% in 2015 and 30% by 2017 from 7% in 2014 (vs. a peer median of 18%). Public finances are deteriorating, mainly due to a rise in government spending (partly reflecting an increase in investment and security spending) and a declining share of oil revenues (assuming a peak in production in 2015). A number of planned reform measures could improve the collection of non-oil revenue. Fitch projects a budget deficit at around 5.5% of GDP this year, rising to around 7.5% of GDP by 2017.

Earlier this year, an investment plan equivalent to 5.5% of GDP was put in place to boost growth by targeting new investments. The project pipeline includes infrastructure investments that are expected to have positive economic benefits. However, in Fitch’s opinion, the rationale for adding new projects (given delays in executing existing ones) is unclear. The low government debt starting point of 22% of GDP in 2014 (less than half the ‘B’ rated peer median) affords Cameroon breathing space. Even with the projected rapid increase, by 2017 a debt-to-GDP ratio of almost 40% will still fare well relative to 52% projected for the peer median.

However, given the rapid pace of debt accumulation, Cameroon’s rating strength relative to peers could quickly erode. With the local market not deep enough to absorb the state’s large and growing financing needs, the government is increasingly reliant on borrowing from China (representing 68% of bilateral debt as of 2Q15) and issued its debut Eurobond in November.

The USD750m bond was lower in size than previously expected by the market, and issued at a yield of 9.75% (relative to an external debt effective interest rate of 2.2% in 2014). A potential shift in the debt profile, from low-cost and concessional to higher-cost at market terms, would weaken financing flexibility and debt sustainability. According to Fitch’s estimates, interest expenditure will more than double by 2017, although remaining low relative to some regional peers. Interest payments as a percentage of revenues are projected by Fitch to rise to 5.8% by 2017 from 2.4% in 2014 (vs. a ‘B’ median of 7.4%).

Fitch views public finance management as a key weakness, even compared with the ‘B’ rating category. Government arrears remain high and continue to artificially fund the deficit, raising the risk of further fiscal slippage or the accumulation of contingent liabilities.

Part of the proceeds of the Eurobond issue will repay a bridge loan taken out by the government to repay arrears to state-owned oil company Sonara. RATING SENSITIVITIES The Stable Outlook reflects Fitch’s assessment that while downside risks to the rating have increased, the upside and downside risks to the rating are broadly balanced. The main risk factors that, individually or collectively, could trigger negative rating action are: – Further large budget slippages, which accelerate the accumulation of public debt.

– A widening of the current account deficit, leading to growing external indebtedness. – Political events triggered at the time of the succession to President Biya or an intensification of Boko Haram terrorist activity.

– A slowdown in GDP growth that would worsen debt dynamics and widen the gap between GDP growth and per capita incomes compared with rating peers.

The main factors that, individually or collectively, could trigger positive rating action are:

– Genuine efforts by the government to improve the management of public finances, leading to a reduction in arrears to public enterprises and state suppliers, and an improvement in debt dynamics. – Effective measures to improve the business climate and growth.

– An increase in hydrocarbons production related to new discoveries coming on-stream, generating an additional source of income and reversing the trajectory of depleting oil reserves. KEY ASSUMPTIONS

– Fitch does not expect the conflict with the Boko Haram terrorist group to be resolved soon, but at the same time it does not expect the tensions to escalate significantly. Security issues linked to the activity of the Boko Haram terrorist group remain confined to the north of the country.

– Fitch assumes that the eventual succession to President Biya, aged 82, will not result in a material escalation of instability. – Fitch assumes no break-up of the CEMAC monetary arrangement.

– Fitch’s current assumption for Cameroon’s medium-term growth is 5.5%.

– Fitch assumes that the oil price (Brent) will be USD60 per barrel in 2016, and USD70 per barrel in 2017.

Contact: Primary Analyst Maria Malas-Mroueh Director +44 20 3530 1081 Fitch Ratings Limited 30 North Colonnade London E14 5GN Secondary Analyst Eric Paget-Blanc Senior Director +33 1 44 29 91 33 Committee Chairperson Charles Seville Senior Director +1 212 908 0277Media Relations: Peter Fitzpatrick, London, Tel: +44 20 3530 1103, Email: [email protected] Additional information is available on Applicable Criteria Country Ceilings (pub. 20 Aug 2015) hereSovereign Rating Criteria (pub. 12 Aug 2014) here Additional Disclosures Dodd-Frank Rating Information Disclosure Form here _id=995472 Solicitation Status here




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Antalyaspor – Osmanlispor FK: Eto’o marque son 11e but en 13 matchs [+vidéo]

Antalyaspor a été tenu en échec (1-1) par Osmanl?spor FK, ce vendredi lors de la 13e journée du Championnat de Turquie. Antalyaspor a égalisé a la 85e minute, but de Samuel Eto’o qui marque  son 11e but en 13 matchs et reste ainsi le meilleur buteur de la Süper Lig.


62′ Badou Ndiaye (Osmanl?spor)
85′ Samuel Eto’o izle (Antalyaspor)

Meilleurs buteurs (Championnat de Turquie)

1 Samuel ETOO Antalyaspor 11 3 13
2 Mario GOMEZ Besiktas 9 1 12
3 Hugo RODALLEGA Akhisar Belediyespor 8 0 12
4 Leony Leonard Kweuke Çaykur Rizespor 8 2 13
5 Tomáš Necid Bursaspor 7 0 10
6 Lukas PODOLSKI Galatasaray 6 0 12
7 Edin VISCA Istanbul Basaksehir 6 0 12
8 Papa Alioune Ndiaye Osmanlispor 6 0 13
9 Theofanis GEKAS Eskisehirspor 5 0 10
10 Moestafa El Kabir Gençlerbirligi 5 0 11
11 Robin VAN PERSIE Fenerbahçe 5 0 12
12 Prejuce Nakoulma Mersin Idmanyurdu 5 0 12
13 Deniz Kadah Çaykur Rizespor 5 0 13
14 Cenk Tosun Besiktas 5 1 10
15 Burak YILMAZ Galatasaray 5 2 10
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U.K. details strategy to defeat ISIS, remove Assad, rebuild and stabilize Syria

ISISU.K. details strategy to defeat ISIS, remove Assad, rebuild and stabilize Syria

Published 27 November 2015

The U.K. government on Thursday released a 36-page dossier offering detailed arguments why it would be militarily, legally, and morally right for Britain to join the U.S.-led coalition in attacking ISIS targets in Syria. The document was released ahead of Prime Minister David Cameron’s speech at the House of Commons in which he called on all House members to vote for allowing the campaign. Cameroon said that ISIS posed a “very direct threat to our country and our way of life” and that inaction by the United Kingdom posed even greater risks for the country.

The U.K. government on Thursday released a 36-page dossieroffering detailed arguments why it would be militarily, legally, and morally right for Britain to join the U.S.-led coalition in attacking ISIS targets in Syria.

The document was released ahead of Prime Minister David Cameron’s speech at the House of Commons in which he called on all House members to vote for allowing the campaign.

Cameroon said that ISIS posed a “very direct threat to our country and our way of life” and that inaction by the United Kingdom posed even greater risks for the country.

Cameroon noted that Britain was already participating in the coalition’s attacks on ISIS in Iraq, and these attacks have, over the past few months, reduced the territory under ISIA control by about 30 percent.

“If we won’t act now, when our friend and ally France has been struck in this way, then our friends and allies can be forgiven for asking: If not now, when?” Cameron said.

Here are the main arguments offered in the dossier, as summarized by the Independentand the Telegraph.

The threat
ISIS already poses the “one of the greatest threats to our security,” the dossier said, and bombing ISIS targets in Syria will not increase the risk to the United Kingdom because the country is already in the “top tier” of ISIS targets.

The Islamist terror group should be hit in its headquarters in Raqqa because this is where the plots for the main attacks by the group’s followers are “planned and orchestrated.”

ISIS must be denied a safe haven because “the longer ISIL is allowed to grow in Syria the greater the threat it will pose.”

The terrorist organization has a “dedicated external operations structure in Syria which is planning mass casualty attacks around the world,” the dossier said.

ISIS had been behind forty successful terror attacks around the world in the last year, including the murder of thirty British citizens in Tunisia in June.

The British police and MI5 have foiled seven ISIS plots in the United Kingdom in the last twelve months, but of the 800 British jihadists who have travelled to Syria, around half have returned home.

ISIS lures and radicalizes young people online urging them to carry out attacks in the United Kingdom.

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UNICEF: AIDS Now Top Killer of Africa’s Teens

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As a child in Cameroon, Mani Djelassem never knew why she was constantly falling ill. It was only after her mother died that her father told her: she was born with HIV.

“I was very sad when I learned,” she said. “I didn’t know what to do. I used to lock myself in the house.”

When she ventured outside, she said, “people were telling me nasty things.”

Now 17, Mani says she is no longer ashamed — and in light of alarming new statistics on adolescent AIDS rates in Africa, she feels she has to speak out.

A new report from UN agencies found that AIDS is now the leading cause of death for Africa’s teenagers — a stark statistic that AIDS experts say is a huge setback in the fight against the virus. That adds up to a trebling of adolescent HIV deaths worldwide since 2000.

HIV-positive teens

The report says that half of the world’s HIV-positive teens between the ages of 15 and 19 live in South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and India. And that only 1 in 3 of the 2.6 million children under the age of 15 living with HIV are on treatment.

The UN presented this and other disturbing data this week in Johannesburg as part of their global statistical update on AIDS among children. The study also found that globally, less than half of infants are tested for HIV.

Dr. Pierre Somse, deputy regional director of the UNAIDS regional support team for Eastern and Southern Africa, said the data on teenagers is a huge setback in the fight against the virus.

“The face of our failure are children and adolescents,” Somse said. “These are the face of our failure. So today, given this reality, we are at the intersection of time.

“We are at the intersection of achievement, we have done well, we are at the intersection of opportunities, so we have seen all this new innovation, we have seen all this progress made in treatment. But we are also at the intersection of challenges, serious challenges,” he said.

The report also found some encouraging news, such as a 41 percent drop in new infections in Africa since the year 2000 and 34 percent fewer AIDS-related deaths in that 15-year time span. They also reported global success in preventing mother-to-child transmission of the virus.

Social aspects of disease

Somse praised scientific advances in treating the virus, but he says the social aspects of the epidemic have not been given enough attention. And with just 15 years left to achieve the mighty goal of eradicating AIDS by 2030, he says it’s time for society to play a greater role in the fight.

Craig McClure, UNICEF’s associate director and chief of HIV and AIDS, says most teens who die have simply slipped through the cracks — a fact that shows a fatal, and utterly preventable, flaw in governments’ and aid agencies’ treatment plans.

“Most of the AIDS-related adolescent deaths are among those that were born with HIV and received no diagnosis or no treatment — or, children who were diagnosed, were on pediatric treatment, but when they enter that difficult period of adolescence where routine is so difficult, somehow slipped out of care in the transition from pediatric to adolescent programming, became sick, and died,” he said.

Mani encouraged her peers to stop buying into the stigma around AIDS.

“I was infected at birth,” she said. “What was my fault in this? Is it something I should be ashamed of? … Don’t I deserve a normal life, like any other teenager?”


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Lake Chad recedes to ‘catastrophic’ levels

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Countries that share Lake Chad will be asking world leaders at the climate talks in Paris to help them transfer water from the Congo basin. The once rich lake has lost 90 percent of its water due to climate change.

Kanada Souley casts his nets in the low waters of Lake Chad. The 40-year-old is one of the few fishermen in Katikine village in the Lake Chad basin who depend on fishing for their livelihood.

Souley said their catch has been falling as years go by, and as a result of that the number of fishermen has also taken a nose dive. In 1992, there were 55 fishermen in Katikine, now only 5 remain. “When we settled here, there were many trees and much grass,” Souley said. “There were lots of animals and many people came here to fish, but now there is nothing. The fish are almost finished.”

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has referred to Lake Chad’s situation as an ‘ecological catastrophe.’ FAO has warned that the lake could totally disappear within this century.

Rising tensions as water dwindles

According to the UN, by 2012, nearly 30 million people in six countries were dependent on the lake. Recently, tensions have been rising among communities as more and more resources disappear with the drying lake. In only half a century, Lake Chad has lost 90 percent of its waters.

Chad, Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, Central African Republic and Libya who make up the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) and whose populations depend on the lake, now plan to transfer water from the Congo River basin to the Chad River basin. The Congo basin is the world’s second largest after the Amazon River.

Swaibou Mahaman, an environmental expert at the Lake Chad Basin Commission told DW the project should be given utmost importance by world leaders when they meet in Paris for talks on climate change. “Lake Chad has reduced by 90 percent since 1960 but the population that relies on the lake as the only source of livelihood has increased from 3.5 million to over 40 million inhabitants excluding animals, plants and birds that also exert pressure on the disappearing lake,” Mahaman said.

Challenges of refilling Lake Chad

For the water refilling project in Lake Chad to go ahead, the governments of Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic and Congo Brazzaville must allow the six member countries of the Lake Chad Basin Commission to use water resources from their territories. The project is estimated to cost $14.5 billion (13.7 billion euros) but that money has yet to be found.

In an interview with DW, Mana Boukary, representative of the executive secretary of the LCBC, said the drying lake had brought untold suffering to people.

Boukary also said Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram was now making use of the economic hardship around Lake Chad to recruit new members.

“Youths in the Lake Chad basin are joining the Boko Haram terrorist group because of lack of jobs and difficult economic conditions resulting from the drying up of the lake and extinction of its resources,” Boukary said.

Like many other river basins in the world, the drying up of Lake Chad has been attributed to changing weather patterns and human activity that leads to global warming.


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Des bouteilles de gaz contrefaites par une société chinoise saisies à Douala

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C’est une enquête des forces de l’ordre qui a permis de découvrir des bouteilles de gaz contrefaites par une société chinoise frauduleuse située un faubourg du capital économique du Cameroun.

C’est une entreprise chinoise, le groupe Yong Fa Gaz sari qui fait l’objet du scandale. Cette société qui n’est pas déclarée officiellement est spécialisée dans les remplissage des bouteilles de gaz avec du mauvais contenu.

Yong Fa Gaz faisait la production non autorisée des gaz FME, Air Liquide, GIM Gaz et en de volumes assez importants. Les bouteilles de gaz produites étaient distribuées dès l’aube par des individus recrutés par cette entreprise.

Plus grave, l’entreprise chinoise jouxte le port de Douala, un danger dans la mesure où elle utilise des substances très inflammables. Les risques sont donc grands au vue de la mauvaise qualité de produits en quantité retrouvés sur le site par les forces de l’ordre et dans des conditions de conservation observées.

Après cette descente des policiers, les responsables de cette société ont été appréhendés et vont répondre de leur agissements devant la justice.


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